ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ[᱕] ᱫᱚ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ, ᱟᱥᱟᱢ, ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ, ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱖᱕,᱐᱐᱐, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱘,᱖᱐᱐ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱕,᱐᱐᱐ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱨᱟ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱨᱚᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱞᱴᱳ (ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱲᱤ) ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱭᱩᱱᱮᱥᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱩᱯᱛᱯᱨᱟᱭ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱪᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ "ᱞᱚᱦᱚᱡᱩᱨᱤ" ᱚᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱖] ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱤᱡ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱒᱐᱖,᱑᱐᱐ ᱨᱚᱨᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ
Kurux, Oraon
कुड़ुख़, কুড়ুখ, କୁଡ଼ୁଖ
Kurukh in Tolong Siki.png
ᱛᱳᱞᱳᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱮ 'ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ' ᱚᱞ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ, ᱟᱥᱟᱢ, ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ, ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ[᱑]
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱒.᱒᱘ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱒-᱒᱐᱑᱑)[᱒][᱑][᱓]
ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ
  • ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ
    • ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ–ᱢᱟᱞᱴᱚ
      • ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ
Dialects
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱛᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ
ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ
ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱵᱟᱱᱱᱟ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ

 ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-2 kru
ISO 639-3 kru – inclusive code
Individual code:
xis – Kisan
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ kuru1301[᱔]

ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱵᱷᱤᱵᱟᱜᱽᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ,[᱗] ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱣᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱲᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱨᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱲᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ,[᱘]

 
ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱚᱞᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱤᱛ, ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ, ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱴᱷᱤ, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱤᱱᱰᱚᱼᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱙ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱰᱚᱠᱴᱚᱨ ᱱᱟᱨᱟᱭᱚᱬ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱴᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱴᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱒᱐᱐᱗ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱶᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱥᱟᱦᱤᱛᱭᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱴᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱞᱤᱴᱨᱮᱨᱤ ᱥᱚᱥᱟᱭᱴᱤ ᱳᱯᱷ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱴ ᱮ ᱫᱮᱠᱷᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱪᱷᱟᱨᱟᱣᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱭᱜᱚᱲ, ᱥᱟᱨᱜᱩᱡᱟ, ᱡᱚᱥᱯᱩᱨ, ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱢᱞᱟ, ᱨᱟᱺᱪᱤ, ᱞᱚᱦᱟᱨᱫᱟᱜᱟ, ᱞᱟᱛᱮᱦᱟᱨ, ᱥᱤᱢᱰᱮᱜᱟ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱥᱩᱜᱩᱰᱟ, ᱥᱩᱱᱫᱚᱨᱜᱚᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱢᱵᱚᱞᱯᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱟᱥᱟᱢ, ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱞᱯᱟᱭᱜᱩᱲᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱮᱫᱼᱟ, ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱪᱟᱭ ᱵᱟᱜᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱑]

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱩᱴᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱑,᱖᱓᱔,᱐᱐᱐ ᱳᱨᱟᱶ ᱟᱨ ᱒᱑᱙,᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱒᱓% ᱫᱚ ᱳᱨᱟᱶ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱑᱖% ᱫᱚ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟᱹ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ, ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱥᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱾[᱙]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱑.᱒ "Kurux". Ethnologue (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  2. "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  3. "Kurux, Nepali". Ethnologue (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kurux". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. http://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/nepa1253
  6. Evans, Lisa. "Endangered Languages: The Full List". The Guardian. 
  7. Stassen, Leon (1997). Intransitive Predication. Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory. Oxford University Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-0199258932. 
  8. PS Subrahmanyam, "Kurukh", in ELL2. Ethnologue assigns Nepali Kurux a separate iso code, kxl.
  9. Revitalising a language - The Hindu

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ