ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ (ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ: සිංහල) ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱑.᱖ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ[᱓][᱑] ᱾ ᱒᱐᱐᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱽ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱔᱐ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ[᱔] ᱾ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱚᱞᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱬᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱨᱚᱦᱚᱢᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱕]

ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ
Sinhala
සිංහල
Siṁhala
සිංහල in Noto Serif Sinhala Black.svg
ᱨᱟᱹᱲ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:IPA-si
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱑᱗�00 ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱑᱒)[᱑]
᱓ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ (᱒᱐᱑᱒)[᱑]
Dialects
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
 ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-1 si
ISO 639-2 sin
ISO 639-3 sin
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ sinh1246[᱒]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ 59-ABB-a

ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱛᱷᱮᱨᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱵᱩᱫᱫᱷᱚ ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱼᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱚᱸᱲᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾

ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱬᱮ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱫᱷᱤᱨᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱩᱫᱫᱷᱚ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱥᱤᱤ (BCE) ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱝᱠᱨᱤᱛ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ; ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱟᱹ, "ᱠᱩᱞ" ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱝᱠᱨᱤᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ[᱖] ᱾ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱚᱵᱚᱛ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱝᱠᱨᱤᱛ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱰᱨᱟᱵᱷᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱳᱱᱮᱴᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱜᱮ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱴᱟᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱰᱨᱟᱵᱷᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱨᱚᱯᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱨᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱾

ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚ ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱩᱯᱚᱱᱤᱵᱮᱥ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱮᱵᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ, ᱰᱟᱪ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
ආයුබෝවන් (āyubōvan) means "welcome", literally wishing one a long life

ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ, ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱦᱳᱫᱤᱭᱟ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱵᱨᱚᱦᱚᱢᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱨᱚᱱᱛᱷᱚ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱜᱟᱹᱦᱤᱨ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱪᱤᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱖᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱑᱘ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱔᱒ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ, ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ (ᱥᱩᱫᱫᱷᱚ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ) ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱕᱗ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (᱑᱖ ᱨᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱟᱨ ᱔᱑ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ) ᱜᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱥᱤᱤ (BCE) ᱨᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱫᱷᱤᱨᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  • Gair, James: Sinhala and Other South Asian Languages, New York 1998.
  • Indrapala, Karthigesu (2007). The evolution of an ethnic identity: The Tamils in Sri Lanka C. 300 BCE to C. 1200 CE. Colombo: Vijitha Yapa. ISBN 978-955-1266-72-1. 
  • Perera, H.S.; Jones, D. (1919). A colloquial Sinhalese reader in phonetic transcription. Manchester: Longmans, Green & Co. 
  • Van Driem, George (15 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2002). Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-10390-0. 

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱑.᱒ "Sinhala". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sinhala". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. "Census of Population and Housing 2011". www.statistics.gov.lk. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  4. "Census of Population and Housing 2001" (PDF). Statistics.gov.lk. Retrieved 16 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2013. 
  5. Jayarajan, Paul M. (1976-01-01). History of the Evolution of the Sinhala Alphabet (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Colombo Apothecaries' Company, Limited. 
  6. Caldwell, Robert (1875). "A comparative grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian Family of Languages". London: Trübner & Co.: 86.