ᱦᱟᱠᱠᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ


ᱠᱟᱠᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱤᱱᱟᱼᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ, ᱛᱟᱭᱣᱟᱱ, ᱦᱚᱝᱠᱚᱝ, ᱢᱟᱠᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱟᱠᱠᱟ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱟᱠᱠᱟ
客家話 / 客家话
Hak-kâ-fa
Kejiahua.png
ᱦᱟᱠ-ᱠᱟ-ᱯᱷᱟ/ᱦᱟᱠ-ᱠᱟ-ᱵᱷᱟ (Hakka/Kejia) ᱚᱞ ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱤᱡᱽ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱛᱮ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱪᱤᱱ, ᱦᱚᱝᱠᱚᱝ, ᱢᱟᱠᱟᱣ, ᱛᱟᱭᱣᱟᱱ
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱪᱤᱱ: ᱮᱛᱚᱢᱼᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱝᱰᱚᱝ, ᱯᱷᱩᱡᱤᱭᱟᱝ, ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱝᱥᱤ, ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱦᱩᱱᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟᱼᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱤᱪᱩᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱰᱮᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
ᱦᱚᱝᱠᱚᱝ: ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ (older generations since younger Hakkas mostly speak Cantonese due to language shift and social assimilation)
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱦᱟᱠᱠᱟ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱔᱗.᱘ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱗)[᱑]
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱦᱟᱱᱡᱤ, romanization[᱒]
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
ᱛᱟᱭᱣᱟᱱ [lower-alpha ᱑]
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
Taiwan (ᱦᱮᱡᱽᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ;[᱕] ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱦᱟᱠᱠᱟ ᱴᱮᱞᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱥᱴᱮᱥᱟᱱ)
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-3 hak
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ hakk1236[᱖]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ

79-AAA-g > 79-AAA-ga

(+ 79-AAA-gb transition to 79-AAA-h)
Idioma hakka.png
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱠᱠᱟ ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱤᱡᱽ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ, ᱛᱟᱭᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱨᱮᱠᱳᱨᱰ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾
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ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱢᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  • Hashimoto, Mantaro J. (2010). The Hakka Dialect: A Linguistic Study of Its Phonology, Syntax and Lexicon. Princeton/Cambridge Studies in Chinese Linguistics. 5. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-13367-8. 
  • O'Connor, Kevin A. (1976). "Proto-Hakka". Ajia Afurika Gengo Bunka Kenkyū / Journal of Asia and Africa Studies. 11 (1): 1–64. 
  • Sagart, Laurent (1998). "On distinguishing Hakka and non-Hakka dialects". Journal of Chinese Linguistics. 26 (2): 281–302. JSTOR 23756757. 
  • ——— (2002). "Gan, Hakka and the Formation of Chinese Dialects" (PDF). In Ho, Dah-an. Dialect Variations in Chinese. Taipei: Academia Sinica. pp. 129–154. 
  • Schaank, Simon Hartwich (1897). Het Loeh-foeng-dialect (in Dutch). Leiden: E.J. Brill. Retrieved 11 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2015. 

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. ᱦᱟᱠᱠᱟ at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. Hakka was written in Chinese characters by missionaries around the turn of the 20th century.[᱑] Archived ᱒᱐᱐᱔-᱐᱘-᱒᱒ at the Wayback Machine.
  3. "Draft national language development act clears legislative floor". focustaiwan.tw. 
  4. Article 6 of the Standards for Identification of Basic Language Abilities and General Knowledge of the Rights and Duties of Naturalized Citizens
  5. [᱒]
  6. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Hakka Chinese". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 


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