ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱩ ᱡᱷᱤᱡᱽ ᱢᱮ

ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ (Georgian: საქართველო, translit.: sakartvelo, IPA: [sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔ] (About this soundlisten)) ᱫᱚ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱮᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱛᱤᱵᱤᱞᱤᱥᱤ᱾ ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱱᱳ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱥᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱠᱚᱠᱮᱥᱟᱥ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱮᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ᱾ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱠᱚᱠᱮᱥᱟᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱡᱟᱨᱵᱟᱭᱡᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ

Georgia
საქართველო (Georgian)
Sakartvelo
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱭᱩᱨ : 
ძალა ერთობაშია
Dzala Ertobashia
(English: "Strength is in Unity")
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱨᱮᱧ
თავისუფლება
Tavisupleba
(English: "Freedom")

Areas under Georgian control shown in dark green; areas outside of that control shown in light green
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲTbilisi
41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
Kutaisi (legislative)
Largest city Tbilisi
ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ Georgian (nationwide)
Abkhazian (Abkhazian AR)[᱑][᱒]
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ (2014) 86.8% Georgians
  6.2% Azerbaijanis
  4.5% Armenians
  2.8% other
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ Georgian
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ Unitary semi-presidential republic[᱓]
 -  President Giorgi Margvelashvili
 -  Chairperson of
the Parliament
Irakli Kobakhidze
 -  Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze[᱔]
ᱞᱮᱡᱤᱥᱞᱟᱪᱚᱨ Parliament
Establishment history
 -  Colchis and Iberia 13th c. BC–580 AD 
 -  Kingdom of Abkhazia 786–1008 
 -  Unification 1008 
 -  Three Kingdoms 1460 
 -  Russian annexation
12 September 1801 
 -  Independence from the Russian Empire
26 May 1918 
 -  Soviet re-conquest 25 February 1921 
 -  Independence from the Soviet Union
Declared
Finalized


9 April 1991
25 December 1991 
 -  Current constitution 24 August 1995 
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱖᱙,᱗᱐᱐ km2 (119th)
᱒᱖,᱙᱑᱑  
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ
 -  2017 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ 3,718,200[a][᱕] (131st)
 -  2014 census 3,713,804[a][᱖] 
 -  ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱮ 53.5/ᱠᱤᱹᱢᱤᱹ (137th)
᱑᱓᱘.᱖/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱹ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ) 2018 ᱯᱟᱭᱛᱟᱨ
 -  ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱨᱮ $42 billion[᱗] (116th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $11,481[᱘] (107th)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ) 2018 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱚᱝ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ $16 billion[᱙] (116th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $4,370[᱑᱐] (112th)
ᱡᱤᱱᱤ (2016) 36.5 
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ (2017) 0.780 (70th)
ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ Georgian lari (₾) (GEL)
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ GET (UTC+4)
ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱮ right
ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱴᱤᱹᱮᱞᱹᱰᱤᱹ .ge .გე
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ
www.gov.ge
ᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ +995

ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱮ ᱡᱩᱫᱟᱹ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱪᱚᱯᱚᱛ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱑᱙᱒᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱳᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱤᱣᱱᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱽ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱯᱚᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱮᱛᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱑᱙᱙᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱷᱤᱨ ᱧᱚ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱟᱥᱛᱮ ᱟᱥᱛᱮ ᱢᱚᱡᱽ ᱤᱫᱤᱭᱱᱟ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱳᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱦᱤᱞ ᱥᱚᱢᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱞᱟᱫᱟ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱚ᱾ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ-ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱠᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ-ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱵᱠᱷᱟᱡᱤᱭᱟ᱾ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱱᱚ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱤᱱᱟᱹᱠᱤᱱ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱚᱥᱮᱴᱤᱭᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱮᱱ ᱟᱞᱟᱫᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱟᱵᱠᱷᱟᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱚᱥᱮᱴᱤᱭᱟ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱨᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱟᱡᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟᱨᱮ ᱵᱳᱫᱫᱷᱳ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ Natural Worship ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱡᱤᱥᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱓᱓᱗ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱢᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱛᱮᱭ ᱜᱷᱳᱥᱳᱱᱟ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 69,700 km2᱾ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱱᱤᱛᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱱᱤᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱠᱳᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚᱯᱳᱛᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ᱾ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱤᱨᱵᱟᱦᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱚᱛᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱟᱹᱭᱤᱱ ᱠᱟᱹᱱᱩᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱭᱤᱱ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱰᱚᱠᱥ ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ᱾ ᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱑᱐ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱳᱣᱟ᱾ ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱮᱯᱚᱥᱴᱳᱞᱤᱠ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱳᱣᱟ ᱒.᱙ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ, ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱮᱛᱷᱚᱞᱤᱠ ᱐.᱕ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱳ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱳᱣᱟ ᱒.᱕ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Government
General information
News media

ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. "Article 8", Constitution of Georgia . In Abkhazian AR, also Abkhazian.
  2. "Constitution of Georgia" (PDF). Parliament of Georgia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  3. Nakashidze, Malkhaz (2016). "Semi-presidentialism in Georgia". In Elgie, Robert; Moestrup, Sophia. Semi-Presidentialism in the Caucasus and Central Asia. London: Palgrave Macmillan (published 15 ᱢᱮ 2016). pp. 119–142. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-38781-3_5. ISBN 978-1-137-38780-6. LCCN 2016939393. OCLC 6039793171. Nakashidze discusses the adoption and evolution of semi-presidentialism in Georgia since the Rose Revolution in 2004. From 2004 to 2012, political power was concentrated in the hands of the president, under a president-parliamentary variant of semi-presidentialism. Only during the period of cohabitation from 2012 to 2013 was the president's authority challenged. In 2010, the Constitution was amended with effect from 2013, reducing the power of the president considerably, arguably in an attempt by term-limited President Saakashvili to secure a political comeback as a powerful prime minister. Under the new premier-presidential Constitution, powers have been much more evenly distributed with each branch of government exercising its Constitutional powers. 
  4. "საქართველოს პარლამენტმა მთავრობას ნდობა გამოუცხადა [ფოტო/ვიდეო] - 1TV". 
  5. "Population". Retrieved 6 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  6. "2014 General Population Census Main Results General Information — National Statistics Office of Georgia" (PDF). Retrieved 2 ᱢᱮ 2016. 
  7. "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". 
  8. "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". 
  9. "Georgia – Gross domestic product". Retrieved 1 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  10. "Georgia". International Monetary Fund.