ᱢᱚᱦᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱤᱵᱱ ᱢᱩᱥᱟ ᱟᱞ-ᱠᱷᱣᱟᱨᱤᱡᱽᱢᱤ

ᱢᱚᱦᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱤᱵᱱ ᱢᱩᱥᱟ ᱟᱞ-ᱠᱷᱣᱟᱨᱤᱡᱽᱢᱤ

ᱟᱵᱩ ᱚᱵᱽᱫᱚᱞᱟᱦ ᱢᱚᱦᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱤᱵᱱ ᱢᱩᱥᱟ ᱟᱞ-ᱠᱷᱣᱟᱨᱤᱡᱽᱢᱤ (ᱟᱨᱵᱤ ᱺ مُحَمَّد بِن مُوسَى اَلْخْوَارِزْمِي‎ عَبْدَالله , ᱤᱸᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥᱺ Muhammad ibn musa al-khwarizmi, ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱺ ᱥᱩᱨᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱤ. ᱗᱘᱐ - ᱥᱤ. ᱘᱕᱐, ᱜᱩᱨ ᱺ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱤ. ᱕᱔᱐ ), ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱲᱟ.ᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱞᱜᱳᱨᱤᱛᱢᱤ (Algoritmi) ᱟᱨ ᱟᱞᱜᱳᱣᱨᱤᱡᱤᱱ (Algaurizin) ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ , ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱞ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟ. (Mathematician), ᱮᱥᱴᱨᱳᱱᱚᱢᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜᱤᱭᱟ.ᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱤᱵᱱᱮ ᱢᱩᱥᱟ

ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱺ- About 780 AD

ᱜᱩᱨ ᱺ- About 850 AD

ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱺ- ᱢᱩᱞ ᱤᱨᱟ.ᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱾

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱚᱜ ᱮᱛᱮᱫ ᱺ- For books on algebra and Indian digits

ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

᱑᱒ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱫᱤᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱤᱱᱟ.ᱝ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱴᱤᱱ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱚᱨᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱮᱞᱮᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱮᱥᱤᱢᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱦᱤᱛ ᱯᱟᱨᱦᱟᱲ ᱥᱟᱺᱦᱤᱡ ᱮ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱮᱞᱮᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱨᱟ. ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱫᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱰᱤ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱞᱡᱮᱵᱽᱨᱮ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢᱫᱟᱛᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱟᱨ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱚᱞᱮᱢᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱠᱚᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱤᱭᱟ. ᱛᱮᱭ ᱛᱚᱨᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱸᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱢᱯᱩᱴᱟᱨ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱞᱜᱚᱨᱤᱫᱢ (Algorithm ) ᱟ.ᱲᱟ. ᱚᱱᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟ.ᱨᱩᱯᱷᱮᱨᱟᱣ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱨᱮ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱵᱮᱲᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱞᱡᱮᱵᱽᱨᱟ ᱟ.ᱲᱟ.ᱭ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ 'ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱜ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱨᱩᱣᱟ.ᱲ' 'pre' or 'restored'. ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱟ.ᱯᱩᱫ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱞᱡᱮᱵᱽᱨᱟ (aljebra) ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱤᱸᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ algebra ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Khwarizmi_(crater)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronomy_in_the_medieval_Islamic_world https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_influence_on_Islamic_science https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pioneers_in_computer_science https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khwarizmi_International_Award

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematics_in_medieval_Islam

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Khwarizmi_Institute_of_Computer_Science_(KICS)

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi#CITEREFStruik1987

http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Abu_Kamil.html

https://doi.org/10.1080%2F00210869808701940 http://facstaff.uindy.edu/~oaks/MHMC.htm

https://eclass.uoa.gr/modules/document/file.php/MATH104/20010-11/HistoryOfAlgebra.pdf

https://books.google.com/books?id=JXbXRKRY_uAC&pg=PA108&dq=Qutrubbulli#PPA108,M1

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ