ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱩ ᱡᱷᱤᱡᱽ ᱢᱮ

ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱽ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱨᱮ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱜᱨᱚᱦᱚ (planet) ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱪᱚᱯᱚᱫ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱯᱟᱲᱟ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱵᱚᱱ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱧᱟᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱟᱹᱡ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱧᱟᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱪᱮ ᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱛᱮᱵᱚ ᱧᱮᱞᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱵᱚ ᱧᱮᱞᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ Astronomical symbol of Earth
"The Blue Marble" photograph of Earth, taken by the Apollo 17 mission. The Arabian peninsula, Africa and Madagascar lie in the upper half of the disc, whereas Antarctica is at the bottom.
The Blue Marble, the first full-view photograph of the planet, was taken by Apollo 17 astronauts en route to the Moon in 1972
Designations
Adjectives Earthly, terrestrial
Orbital characteristics
Epoch J2000[n ᱑]
Aphelion 152100000 km[n ᱒]
(94500000 mi; 1.017 AU)
Perihelion 147095000 km[n ᱒]
(91401000 mi; 0.98327 AU)
149598023 km[᱑]
(92955902 mi; 1.00000102 AU)
Eccentricity 0.0167086[᱑]
365.256363004 d[᱒]
(1.00001742096 yr)
29.78 km/s[᱓]
(107200 km/h; 66600 mph)
358.617°
Inclination
−11.26064°[᱓] to J2000 ecliptic
114.20783°[᱓]
Satellites
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
6371.0 km (3958.8 mi)[᱖]
Equatorial radius
6378.1 km (3963.2 mi)[᱗][᱘]
Polar radius
6356.8 km (3949.9 mi)[᱙]
Flattening 0.0033528[᱑᱐]
1/298.257222101 (ETRS89)
Circumference
  • 510072000 km2 (196940000 sq mi)[᱑᱓][᱑᱔][n ᱔]
  • 148940000 km2 land (57510000 sq mi; 29.2%)
  • 361132000 km2 water (139434000 sq mi; 70.8%)
Volume 1.08321×1012 km3 (2.59876×1011 cu mi)[᱓]
Mass 5.97237×1024 kg (1.31668×1025 lb)[᱑᱕]
(3.0×10−6 M)
Mean density
5.514 g/cm3 (0.1992 lb/cu in)[᱓]
9.807 m/s2 (g; 32.18 ft/s2)[᱑᱖]
0.3307[᱑᱗]
11.186 km/s[᱓]
(40270 km/h; 25020 mph)
0.99726968 d[᱑᱘]
(23h 56m 4.100s)
Equatorial rotation velocity
0.4651 km/s[᱑᱙]
(1674.4 km/h; 1040.4 mph)
23.4392811°[᱒]
Albedo
Surface temp. min mean max
Kelvin 184 K[᱒᱐] 288 K[᱒᱑] 330 K[᱒᱒]
Celsius −89.2 °C 14.9 °C 56.9 °C
Fahrenheit −128.5 °F 58.7 °F 134.3 °F
Atmosphere
Surface pressure
101.325 kPa (at MSL)
Composition by volume

ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱦᱟᱯᱲᱟᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹ ᱮᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱷᱚᱴᱚ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱤᱛ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ, ᱡᱟᱱᱣᱟ, ᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹᱞᱤ, ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱺᱬᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱚᱣᱟᱝᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱡᱚᱨᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱮᱸᱴ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱨᱟᱱᱥ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱟᱯᱞᱟᱥ ᱛᱤᱠᱤᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱚᱶᱟᱝᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱡᱩᱞᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱡᱩᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱾ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱵᱟᱹᱭ-ᱵᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱲ ᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱤᱫᱟᱹᱞ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱟᱺᱫᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱾

ᱟᱨ ᱟᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱚᱣᱟᱝᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱡᱩᱞᱩᱜ ᱰᱷᱤᱯ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱠᱟ ᱚᱱᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱥᱟᱜ ᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱺᱰᱤᱡ ᱪᱟᱵᱟ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱴᱩᱠᱨᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱤᱫᱟᱹᱞ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱲ ᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱢᱤ-ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ, ᱟᱵᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱺᱫᱽᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱾

ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱲᱟᱣᱱᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱤᱸᱜᱩ ᱛᱷᱤᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱛᱟᱲ ᱞᱟᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱞᱟᱲᱟᱣᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭᱟᱪᱩᱨ (Rotation) ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱲᱦᱟᱭᱟᱪᱩᱨ (Revolution)ᱹ

ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ (Rotation)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱟᱣ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱧᱤᱸᱫᱟᱹ ᱟᱨ ᱧᱤᱸᱫᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱤᱱᱟᱹᱢ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱦᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚᱭ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱥᱮᱦᱮᱜ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱦᱟᱺᱥᱩᱨᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ (rotation) ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱵᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱭᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱤᱸᱜᱩ ᱛᱷᱤᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱜᱮᱭ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱯᱟᱹᱴᱨᱤ (axis) ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱞᱩᱴᱷᱩ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱚᱱᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱨᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱞᱩᱴᱷᱩ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ axis ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱜᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱴᱨᱤ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱹᱣ ᱵᱟᱠᱷᱨᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱔ ᱴᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱚᱠᱛᱚᱭ ᱤᱫᱤᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱒᱔ ᱴᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱧᱤᱸᱫᱟᱹ ᱵᱚ ᱧᱟᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱮ rotation ᱫᱚᱵᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ axis ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱺᱥᱩᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱺᱥᱩᱨᱚᱜ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱧᱮᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱮᱲᱦᱟᱭᱟ.ᱪᱩᱨ (Revolution)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟ.ᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱮ ᱟ.ᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱮᱲᱦᱟᱭᱟ.ᱪᱩᱨ (Revolution) ᱵᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱟ.ᱪᱩᱨᱚᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱓᱖᱕ ᱢᱟᱸᱦᱟ ᱖ ᱴᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ revolution ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱛᱤᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟ.ᱯᱩᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟ.ᱯᱩᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱟᱵᱟᱝ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱾

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ


ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:<ref> tags exist for a group named "n", but no corresponding <references group="n"/> tag was found, or a closing </ref> is missing

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named VSOP87
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  3. ᱓.᱐ ᱓.᱑ ᱓.᱒ ᱓.᱓ ᱓.᱔ ᱓.᱕ ᱓.᱖ ᱓.᱗ ᱓.᱘ ᱓.᱙ ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named earth_fact_sheet
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  7. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named usno
  8. ᱘.᱐ ᱘.᱑ World Geodetic System (WGS-84). Available online from National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
  9. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cazenave_ahrens1995
  10. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IERS2004
  11. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named WGS-84-2
  12. Earth's circumference is almost exactly 40,000 km because the metre was calibrated on this measurement—more specifically, 1/10-millionth of the distance between the poles and the equator.
  13. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Pidwirny 2006_8
  14. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cia
  15. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Luzum2011
  16. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NIST2008
  17. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Williams1994
  18. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Allen296
  19. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Cox2000
  20. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named asu_lowest_temp
  21. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named kinver20091210
  22. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named asu_highest_temp
  23. "Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Recent Global CO
    2
    Trend"
    . Earth System Research Laboratory. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 26 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2018. Archived from the original on 26 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2018.