ᱯᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱴᱤᱵᱽᱨᱮᱴ (vertebrate) ᱟᱨ ᱤᱱᱵᱷᱟᱨᱴᱤᱵᱽᱨᱮᱴ (invertebrate) ᱟᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱞ ᱳᱨᱜᱮᱡᱽᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱠᱥ ᱟᱹᱨᱜᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱴᱮᱠᱱᱤᱠᱚᱞᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱢᱮᱢᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱞᱤ ᱥᱮ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱨᱤᱯᱨᱳᱰᱠᱥᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱤᱱᱴᱨᱤ ᱳᱨᱜᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ urinary excretion ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱟᱝᱜᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱮᱫ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱮᱢᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱳᱨᱜᱽᱱᱤᱡᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱤᱯᱴᱟᱭᱞᱥ (mammalian organisms and reptiles) ᱨᱮ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱯᱟᱱ ᱟᱯᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱩᱫᱟᱹ-ᱡᱩᱫᱟᱹ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ-ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱰᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱛ ᱥᱴᱟᱰᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ (ᱢᱮᱞ) ᱥᱮ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ/ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ (ᱯᱷᱤᱢᱮᱞ) ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱠᱮᱴ ᱮᱫ-ᱟ ᱾[᱑]

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ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Janet Leonard; Alex Cordoba-Aguilar R (18 ᱡᱩᱱ 2010). The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Animals. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-971703-3. Archived from the original on 11 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2013. Retrieved 20 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2013.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)