ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ
Tutmask

ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ (dynasty) ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ᱾

ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱩᱛᱨᱚᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ,ᱡᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱱᱤ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱤᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱛᱛᱟ ᱨᱤᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱮᱥᱴᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ, ᱡᱟᱢᱤᱸᱫᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱢᱟᱸᱰ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱜᱟᱫᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱩᱛᱨᱚ ᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱡ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱵᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱢᱯᱨᱚᱵᱷᱩ ᱩᱛᱨᱚ ᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱤᱠᱟᱹ ᱮᱭᱟ, ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱥᱭᱚ ᱩᱛᱨᱚ ᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱨᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱵᱚᱞᱚ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟ ᱟ᱾ ᱟᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱢᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱛᱨᱚᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱮᱴᱟᱜᱤᱡ ᱜᱤᱫᱟᱨ ᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱟ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱤᱫᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱟ᱾ ᱥᱟᱫᱨᱤᱥᱷᱭᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱤᱲᱷᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱛᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ , ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱑᱙᱓᱖ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱘᱐ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱝ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱱᱤᱠᱟᱨᱜᱩᱣᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾



ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱟᱰᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Duguwa dynasty (c. 700 – c. 1075) Sayfawa dynasty (c. 1075 – 1846)

ᱢᱤᱥᱨᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱤᱛᱷᱤᱭᱚᱯᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱜᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟ (Guinea)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱢᱚᱨᱠᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱟᱤ ᱡᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱫᱟᱪᱷᱤᱱ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟSᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱤᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

descended from a ruler in the Southern and Northern Dynasties)

ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱤᱡᱨᱟᱭᱤᱞᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  • Yamato dynasty, Imperial house of Japan (660 BC–ᱱᱤᱛᱟᱜ, with power fluctuating between absolute ruler to ceremonial figurehead to constitutional monarch)
Ryūkyūᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱢᱟᱞᱫᱤᱣᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱷᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱢᱟᱸᱜᱚᱞᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱢᱭᱟᱝᱢᱟᱨ (ᱵᱟᱨᱢᱟ)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱯᱷᱤᱞᱤᱯᱤᱸᱥᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Royal Families

ᱥᱨᱤ ᱞᱟᱸᱠᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱮᱛᱚᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
ᱠᱚᱧᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Saudi Arabiaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱤᱞᱮᱸᱰᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  • Hari Pun Chai dynasty (663 – 1293)
  • Phra Roung dynasty (Sukhothai Kingdom) (1237 – 1438)
  • Mangrai dynasty (1261 – 1578)
  • Eu Thong dynasty (1350 – 1370), (1388 – 1409)
  • Suphanabhumi dynasty (1370 – 1350), (1409 – 1569)
  • Phra Roung Dynasty (Ayutthaya Kingdom) (1569 – 1629)
  • Prasart Thong dynasty (1629 – 1688)
  • Bann Plu Luang dynasty (1688 – 1767)
  • Tipchakratiwong dynasty (Seven princes dynasty) (Lanna Kingdom) (1732 – 1932)
  • Thonburi dynasty (1767 – 1782)
  • Chakri dynasty (1782 onwards)

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱣᱤᱭᱟᱛᱱᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱟᱢᱯᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
  • 1st dynasty (192 - 336)
  • 2nd dynasty (336 - 420)
  • 3rd dynasty (420 - 529)
  • 4th dynasty (529 - 758)
  • 5th dynasty (758 - 854)
  • 6th dynasty (854 - 989)
  • 7th dynasty (989 - 1044)
  • 8th dynasty (1044–1074)
  • 9th dynasty (1074–1139)
  • 10th dynasty (1139–1145)
  • 11th dynasty (1145–1190)
  • 12th dynasty (1190–1318)
  • 13th dynasty (1318–1390)
  • 14th dynasty (1390–1458)
  • 15th dynasty (1458–1471)
  • vacant (1471–1695)
  • Dynasty of Po Saktiraidaputih (1695–1822)

ᱭᱩᱨᱚᱯᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Austriaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Albaniaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Armeniaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Belgiumᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Bosniaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Bulgariaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Barbariansᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Bavariiᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Franksᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Hunsᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

This is a list of rulers of the Huns. Period Ruler

  • Vund c. 360
  • Balamber 360 - 378
  • Baltazár (Alypbi) 378 - 390
  • Uldin (Khan of the Western Huns) 390 - 410
  • Donatus (Khan of the Eastern Black Sea Huns & beyond) 410 - 412
  • Charaton (Aksungur) 412 - 422
  • Octar[1] 422 - 432
  • Rugila 432-434
  • Bleda with Attila c. 434-c. 445
  • Attila "the Hun" c. 434-453
  • Ellac 453-c. 455
  • Tuldila fl. c. 457
  • Dengizich (Sabirs attack c.460-463) ?-469 with Hernach/BelkErmak
  • Hernach/BelkErmak[2] 469-503
  • House of Dulo Bulgaria (390-503) A Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans genealogy claims that the Dulo clan is descended from Attila the Hun.
Sciriiᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
  • Edeko
  • Odoacer (435–493), was the 5th-century King of Italy
Avarsᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Lombardsᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
See Early kings of the Lombards.
Ostrogothsᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Suebiᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Vandalsᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Visigothsᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Byzantine Empireᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱨᱚ ᱟᱴᱤᱭᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱰᱮᱱᱢᱟᱨᱠᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Franceᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Georgiaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Germanyᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Bavariaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Saxonyᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Hungaryᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Monacoᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Montenegroᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Iberiaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Aragonᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Asturiasᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Barcelonaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Castileᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Leónᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Navarreᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Portugalᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Spainᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Before the unification of Castile and Aragonᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
After the unification of Castile and Aragonᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Irelandᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱤᱴᱞᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Netherlandsᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Norwayᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱯᱚᱞᱮᱸᱰᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Romaniaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Russiaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Serbiaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Swedenᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Two Siciliesᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Sicilyᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

British Isles (under English rule)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Englandᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Irelandᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Scotlandᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns (1603-1707)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

The crown of the Kingdom of England and Ireland merged with that of the Kingdom of Scotland to form a personal union between England-Ireland and Scotland (the former a personal union itself)

Personal Union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707-1801)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1921)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Personal Union of the UK [of GB and NI] and several other Irish states (1921-1949)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
UK [of GB and NI] (Without the personal union with Ireland) (1949–ᱱᱤᱛᱟᱝ)ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Roman Empireᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱜᱟᱱᱨᱡᱽᱭᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱱᱤᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Though in elected governments rule does not pass automatically by inheritance, political power often accrues to generations of related individuals even in Republics. Eminence, Influence, familiarity, tradition, genetics, and even nepotism may contribute to this phenomenon.

Family dictatorships are a slightly different concept, where political power passes within a family due to the overwhelming authority of the leader, rather than informal power accrued to the family.

ᱟᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱢᱱᱤᱛᱤᱠ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱺ

ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ The Times Atlas of World History (third edition), ISBN, 0-7230-0304-1
  2. The State of Yue