ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ

ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱧᱤᱛᱩᱢ ᱥᱟᱫᱤᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱥᱛᱨᱤᱭᱚ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱑][᱒][᱓] ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱫ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ ᱠᱚᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱟ ᱾ [᱔][᱕] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱭᱵᱚ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ, ᱵᱚᱭᱥᱱᱚᱵᱚ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱠᱛᱤ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨᱟ ᱾ [᱑][᱖][᱗] ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱩᱛ ᱯᱟᱴᱷᱚᱠ ᱵᱷᱚᱨᱚᱛ ᱢᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱛᱨᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱖] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱥᱛᱤᱛᱣᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱫᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱠᱟᱵᱽᱭᱚ ᱥᱤᱞᱯᱚᱴᱴᱤᱠᱟᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱳᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱪᱮ ᱖ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱙ ᱥᱚᱫᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱨᱛᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱭᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱵᱚᱪᱷᱚᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ [᱕] ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱳᱟᱱᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱛᱨᱤᱭᱚ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱘]

ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ

ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱤᱡᱚᱨᱟᱜ ᱪᱮᱦᱨᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱝᱜᱚ ᱦᱤᱞᱹᱟᱣ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱩᱨ ᱮ ᱮᱢᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱴᱟ ᱞᱟᱲᱟᱣ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱤᱞᱟᱹᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱱᱮᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱠᱩᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱨᱩ, ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱩᱫᱩᱜᱤᱭᱟᱹ, ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ [᱑] ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱫᱽ ᱫᱳ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ ᱫᱷᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱫᱷᱭᱟᱛᱢᱤᱠ, ᱠᱤᱢᱵᱚᱫᱱᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱮᱛᱮ ᱵᱤᱥᱲᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱔] ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱛᱨᱤᱭᱚ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱹ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱔][᱙]

᱑᱙ ᱥᱚᱫᱤ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱱᱫᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱚᱜᱟᱢ ᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱡᱩᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱩᱫᱷ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚ ᱒᱐ ᱥᱚᱫᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱱᱫᱤᱨ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱑᱐] ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱨᱮ ᱴᱮᱠᱱᱤᱠ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ, ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱢᱚ ᱵᱤᱪᱟᱹᱨ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱲᱚᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱩᱫᱷᱚ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱕]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
Dancers at Thanjavur, Brihadeshwara temple dedicated to Shiva. The temple has been a major center for Bharatanatyam since about 1000 CE.[᱑᱑]

ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱫᱽ ᱚᱞ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚ ᱟᱥᱛᱨᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱕][᱑᱒][᱑᱓]

ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱛᱨᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱟᱪᱮᱫ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱢᱩᱱᱤ ᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱐᱐ ᱵᱤ ᱥᱤ ᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱒᱐᱐ ᱥᱤ ᱤ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱑᱔][᱑᱕] ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱱᱟᱴᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱖᱐᱐᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱫᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱓᱖ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱑᱔][᱑᱖] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱫᱽ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱵᱚ ᱛᱟᱱᱰᱚᱵᱚ, ᱨᱚᱰᱚ ᱛᱷᱤᱭᱚᱨᱤ, ᱵᱷᱟᱵᱚ, ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱦᱤᱞᱟᱹᱣ ᱴᱮᱠᱱᱤᱠ,ᱛᱤᱝᱜᱩᱱ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ, ᱢᱩᱬ ᱮᱥᱴᱮᱯ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱫᱽ ᱚᱞ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱢᱚᱜᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱞᱟᱥᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱰᱮᱱᱥ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱾ [᱑᱔][᱑᱗]

ᱯᱷᱚᱴᱚ ᱜᱮᱞᱮᱨᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱚᱝᱜᱚ ᱵᱷᱚᱝᱜᱤ ᱪᱤᱛᱟᱹᱨᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ


ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱑.᱒ Bharata-natyam Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007
  2. Williams 2004, pp. 83-84, the other major classical Indian dances are: Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Kathakali, Manipuri, Cchau, Satriya, Yaksagana and Bhagavata Mela.
  3. Banerjee, tProjesh (1983). Indian Ballet Dancing. New Jersey: Abhinav Publications. p. 43. 
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ ᱔.᱒ Peter J. Claus; Sarah Diamond; Margaret Ann Mills (2003). South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-415-93919-5. 
  5. ᱕.᱐ ᱕.᱑ ᱕.᱒ ᱕.᱓ Khokar, Mohan (1984). Traditions of Indian Classical Dance. India: Clarion Books. pp. 73–76. 
  6. ᱖.᱐ ᱖.᱑ Richard Schechner (2010). Between Theater and Anthropology. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 65–66. ISBN 0-8122-0092-6. 
  7. T Balasaraswati (1976), Bharata Natyam, NCPA Quarterly Journal, Volume 4, Issue 4, pages 1-8
  8. Richard Schechner (2010). Between Theater and Anthropology. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0812279290. 
  9. Kavitha Jayakrishnan (2011), Dancing Architecture: the parallel evolution of Bharatanātyam and South Indian Architecture, MA Thesis, Awarded by University of Waterloo, Canada, page 25
  10. Janet O'Shea (2007). At Home in the World: Bharata Natyam on the Global Stage. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 26–38, 55–57, 83–87. ISBN 978-0-8195-6837-3. 
  11. James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M . The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 126–127. ISBN 978-0-8239-3179-8. 
  12. Eugenio Barba; Nicola Savarese (2011). A Dictionary of Theatre Anthropology: The Secret Art of the Performer. Routledge. p. 208. ISBN 978-1-135-17634-1. 
  13. Peter Fletcher; Laurence Picken (2004). World Musics in Context: A Comprehensive Survey of the World's Major Musical Cultures. Oxford University Press. p. 262. ISBN 978-0-19-517507-3. 
  14. ᱑᱔.᱐ ᱑᱔.᱑ ᱑᱔.᱒ Natalia Lidova 2014.
  15. Tarla Mehta 1995, pp. xxiv, 19–20.
  16. Emmie Te Nijenhuis 1974, pp. 1–25.
  17. Kapila Vatsyayan 2001.