ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ

ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱟᱨ ᱴᱮᱢᱮᱡ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱑] ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱭᱩᱨᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱱᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱷᱮᱨᱟᱣ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱚᱨᱚᱯᱷ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱷᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱰᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱯ (temperature) ᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱨᱟ (salinity) ᱫᱚ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱰᱷᱮᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱩᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
ᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ 14,056,000 ᱫᱚᱦᱲᱟ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱡᱟᱜᱟᱭ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱱᱴᱟᱨᱠᱚᱴᱤᱠᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ᱾ [᱓][᱔]

ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ- ᱵᱟᱯᱷᱤᱱ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱱᱴ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱥᱟᱭᱵᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱜᱨᱤᱱᱞᱟᱸᱰ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱦᱩᱰᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱯᱩᱸᱰ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ- ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱱᱚᱨᱚᱣᱮ, ᱟᱭᱤᱥᱞᱟᱸᱰ, ᱜᱨᱤᱱᱞᱟᱸᱰ, ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱰᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱭᱩᱱᱟᱭᱴᱮᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱴᱥ

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

᱑.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extreme_points_of_the_Arctic ᱒.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Fauna_of_the_Arctic ᱓.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Seas

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/8o.html
  2. http://psc.apl.washington.edu/HLD/Lomo/OM2001AagaardWoodgate.pdf
  3. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/0-14-303820-6
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20110719035421/http://mset.rst2.edu/portfolios/d/drewes_c/Integrating%20Technologies/Oceans%20of%20the%20World.pdf