ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ

ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱟᱨ ᱴᱮᱢᱮᱡ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱑] ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱭᱩᱨᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱱᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱷᱮᱨᱟᱣ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱷᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱰᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱯ (temperature) ᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱨᱟ (salinity) ᱫᱚ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱰᱷᱮᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾[᱒] ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱩᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱦᱟ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
ᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ 14,056,000 ᱫᱚᱦᱲᱟ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱡᱟᱜᱟᱭ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱱᱴᱟᱨᱠᱚᱴᱤᱠᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ᱾ [᱓][᱔]

ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ- ᱵᱟᱯᱷᱤᱱ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱱᱴ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱥᱟᱭᱵᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱜᱨᱤᱱᱞᱟᱸᱰ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱦᱩᱰᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱯᱩᱸᱰ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ᱾

ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ- ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱱᱚᱨᱚᱣᱮ, ᱟᱭᱤᱥᱞᱟᱸᱰ, ᱜᱨᱤᱱᱞᱟᱸᱰ, ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱰᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱭᱩᱱᱟᱭᱴᱮᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱴᱥ

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

᱑.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extreme_points_of_the_Arctic ᱒.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Fauna_of_the_Arctic ᱓.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Seas

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/8o.html
  2. http://psc.apl.washington.edu/HLD/Lomo/OM2001AagaardWoodgate.pdf
  3. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/0-14-303820-6
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20110719035421/http://mset.rst2.edu/portfolios/d/drewes_c/Integrating%20Technologies/Oceans%20of%20the%20World.pdf