ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ
Colonial Africa 1913 map

ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱖% ᱟᱨ ᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱒᱐.᱔% ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ [᱑] ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱴᱷᱟᱶᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱡᱮᱫᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱑᱔.᱗᱒ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱰᱮᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱱᱰᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱜ ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱨᱠᱮᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱠᱤᱞ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱛᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱞᱤᱪᱟᱹᱲ ᱧᱚᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ 'ᱧᱩᱛᱟᱹᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ' ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱤᱣᱱᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱤᱱᱴᱟᱨᱱᱮᱥᱱᱟᱞ ᱚᱨᱜᱟᱱᱟᱭᱡᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱚᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱕᱕ ᱜᱚᱴᱮᱡ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱤᱭᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱮᱰᱠᱚᱣᱟᱨᱴᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱛᱷᱤᱭᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱫᱷᱟᱹᱱᱤ ᱟᱫᱫᱤᱥ ᱟᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱾

ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  • Cape Verde
  • Central African Republic
  • Comoros
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Ivory Coast/Côte d'Ivoire
  • Djibouti
  • Eritrea
  • Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)
  • Gabon
  • The Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Niger
  • Rwanda
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱤᱞᱮ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ (ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱧ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ)

ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱚ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ (ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱤᱥᱛᱤ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ)

ᱱᱟᱤᱡᱮᱨ (ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱫᱷᱟ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ)

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱤᱥᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱦᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱤᱥᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ, ᱤᱭᱩᱨᱚᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱱᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ

  • ᱒᱔᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱚ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ, ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱒᱘᱕ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾
  • ᱑᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱤᱥᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱤᱞᱚ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱨᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱟᱫᱽ, ᱤᱛᱷᱤᱭᱚᱯᱤᱭᱟ, ᱠᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ, ᱱᱟᱭᱡᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ, ᱥᱩᱫᱟᱱ, ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱥᱩᱫᱟᱱ, ᱩᱜᱟᱱᱰᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱛᱟᱧᱡᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱓᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾
  • ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱨᱟᱱ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱭᱡᱮᱨ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱵᱤᱥᱛᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱶᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱤᱥᱴᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾
  • ᱠᱷᱚᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱟᱯᱦᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱥᱛᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱶᱟ ᱾ ᱔ ᱞᱟᱠ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱟᱫᱚᱜ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱢᱚᱦᱰᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱛᱭᱟᱹᱶ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱶᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱥ (World Book Encyclopedia) ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱶᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱶᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱥ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ (Encyclopædia Britannica) ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱔᱕% ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ, ᱔᱐% ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱤᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱐% ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱰᱟᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ, ᱵᱩᱫᱷᱚ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱶᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱶ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱱᱟᱥᱛᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱫᱤ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱶᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Geography of Africa

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

1ᱹ https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Atlas_of_Africa

2ᱹ http://plasma.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0509/feature1/zoomify/index.html

3ᱹ https://web.archive.org/web/20100117005910/http://www.usaraf.army.mil/MAP_INTERACTIVE/INTERACTIVE_MAP.swf

4.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Africa

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/0-7613-1367-2