ᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ-ᱱᱟᱹᱬᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ-ᱱᱟᱹᱬᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱯᱷᱩᱴᱟᱹᱣᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱥᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱚᱥᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱡᱚ ᱚᱰᱚᱠᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱷ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱯᱷᱩᱴᱟᱹᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱩᱨᱵᱷᱤᱱ ᱛᱷᱟᱹᱭᱞᱟᱹᱜ (ovary) ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱑] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱴᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱤᱞ ᱟᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱝᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱵᱟᱝᱜᱮ ᱾ ᱮᱱᱛᱮᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ-ᱱᱟᱹᱬᱤ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ, ᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱷᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱴᱚᱯᱟᱨ (Layer) ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ, ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱾ [᱒]

ᱡᱚ
ᱠᱩᱞᱤᱱᱟᱨᱤ ᱡᱚ
ᱦᱟᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ
ᱵᱤᱢᱵᱤ

ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭᱛᱮ ᱤᱥᱤᱱ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱵᱤᱞ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱵᱚᱴᱟᱱᱤᱠᱟᱞ (Botanical) ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱷᱮᱡᱤᱴᱮᱵᱩᱞ (Vegetable) ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱢᱤᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱝ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱞ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱢᱤᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱮᱞ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱥᱤᱵᱤᱞᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱚᱪᱚᱣᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱥᱤᱱ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱥᱤᱱ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱵᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾


ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱤᱫ ᱜᱩᱸᱰᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱧᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱣᱟᱹ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱥᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱦᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱹᱬᱤ ᱨᱮᱦᱮᱫ ᱥᱮᱸᱫᱮᱫ ᱡᱚ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱚᱛᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱱᱚᱜ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱱᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾


ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱵᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱵᱨᱚᱛᱚ ᱯᱟᱨᱟᱵᱽ ᱨᱚ ᱵᱟᱹᱦᱩ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱸᱜᱟᱭᱟ, ᱟᱠᱚᱨᱤᱱ ᱪᱷᱟᱛᱟᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱢᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱵᱳᱸᱜᱟ ᱵᱳᱨᱳ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱮᱦᱚᱸᱨ ᱡᱚᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱡᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱥᱚᱞ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱹᱰ, ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱦᱤᱡᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱓]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱧᱩ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱨ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱸᱡᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱫᱟᱠᱟ ᱩᱛᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱬ-ᱯᱟᱠᱚᱲ ᱡᱚ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱱᱛᱤ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾[᱔] [᱕]

ᱪᱟᱥᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱴ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱹᱠᱷᱨᱤᱧᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱠᱷᱨᱤᱧ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱞᱟᱵᱽ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱱ ᱡᱚ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ [᱖]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ


ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Mauseth, James D. 2003. Botany: an introduction to plant biology. Jones & Bartlett, Boston.
  2. Schlegel, Rolf 2003. Encyclopedic dictionary of plant breeding and related subjects. Haworth Press. ISBN 1-56022-950-0.
  3. cite book |last= Lewis |first= Robert A. |title= कृषि विज्ञान का सी आर सी शब्दकोश |url=http://books.google.com/books?visbn=0849323274&id=TwRUZK0WTWAC&pg=PA375&lpg=PA375&dq=fruit&sig=qv05UIJxg5T_NmacdW8YixDnDAo |date= January 1, 2002 |publisher= CRC Press|isbn= 0-8493-2327-4|pages=375–376
  4. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X11000178 | A brief history of fruits and frugivores
  5. https://www.gardenguides.com/82843-history-fruits-vegetables.html
  6. cite book |last=Capon |first=Brian |title=Botany for Gardeners |url=http://books.google.com/books?visbn=0881926558&id=Z2s9v__6rp4C&pg=PA198&lpg=PA198&dq=coconut+dispersal&sig=o2ECHPkflL6xvh0CAjbkgmdSD1A |date=Feb 25, 2005 |publisher=Timber Press |isbn=0-88192-655-8 |pages=198–199
"https://sat.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ᱡᱚ&oldid=49269" ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱭ