ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱩ ᱡᱷᱤᱡᱽ ᱢᱮ


ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮᱸ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱦᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱢᱢᱩ (ᱥᱤᱛᱴᱝ ᱡᱦᱚᱜᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱛᱮᱟᱨᱚᱜᱽᱠᱟᱱᱟ) ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ (ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱴᱩᱝ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ) ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱤᱢᱟᱞᱚᱭ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ-ᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱦᱤᱸᱥ ᱯᱟᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱ ᱠᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱦᱤᱢᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮᱸ - ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ, ᱞᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱚᱵᱽ ᱠᱚᱱᱴᱨᱚᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱵᱮ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱥᱤᱢᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮᱸ - ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱴ - ᱵᱚᱞᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱮ ᱵᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱥᱚᱝᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱓᱗᱐ ᱫᱚᱯᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱮᱱ ᱟ.ᱯᱟ.ᱱ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱧᱩᱢ ᱵᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱵᱟᱛᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱴᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱮᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ
Jammu and Kashmir
ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ
Rangdum village grazing fields.jpg
Likir Monastery. 2010.jpg
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe.jpg
Leisure Leh Ladakh.jpg
Flag of ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ
Flag
Seal
ᱥᱤᱞ
Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Disputed Occupied Kashmir under Indian control
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates (Srinagar): 33°27′N 76°14′E / 33.45°N 76.24°E / 33.45; 76.24Coordinates: 33°27′N 76°14′E / 33.45°N 76.24°E / 33.45; 76.24
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ  ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
Admission to Union 26 October 1947
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱫᱷᱟᱱᱤ Srinagar (May-October)
Jammu (Nov-April)[᱑]
Districts 22
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ[*]
 • Governor Satya Pal Malik[᱒]
 • Chief Minister Vacant[᱓]
 • Legislature Bicameral (87 seats in the Assembly + 36 seats in the Council), (Currently Assembly is Dissolved by the Governor of J&K)
 • Parliamentary constituency Rajya Sabha (4)
Lok Sabha (6)
 • High Court Jammu and Kashmir High Court
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ 222236 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (85806 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱸᱠ 5th[note ᱑]
ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ[᱔] 7672 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (25171 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱦᱩᱱᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ[᱕] 300 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (1000 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (2011)
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱑᱒,᱕᱔᱑,᱓᱐᱒
 • ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱮᱞ 19th
 • ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ 56/ᱠᱤᱢᱤ2 (150/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱹᱭᱤᱞ)
GDP[᱖]
 • Total (2018–19)
ᱟᱤ. ᱮᱥ. ᱛᱤ (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-JK
HDI increase 0.684[᱗] (medium)
HDI rank 17th (2017)
Literacy 68.74 (30th)
Official languages Urdu[᱘]
Other spoken Kashmiri, Hindi, Dogri, Punjabi, Pahari, Gojri, Balti, Dadri and Ladakhi[᱘][᱙][᱑᱐]
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ jk.gov.in
State symbols of Jammu and Kashmir
Animal
Cervus cashmeerianus Smit.jpg
Kashmir stag
Bird
Grus nigricollis -Bronx Zoo-8-3c.jpg
Black-necked crane
Flower
Sacred lotus Nelumbo nucifera.jpg
Lotus
Tree
Platanus orientalis tree.JPG
Chinar tree

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱠᱚᱨᱟᱢᱼᱯᱚᱥᱪᱤᱢ ᱛᱤᱵᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱟᱜ ᱩᱪᱚᱥᱛᱦᱚᱲᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱚᱸᱛᱮᱸ ᱯᱟᱥᱴᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟ.ᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱯᱩᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱨᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱤᱢᱟ. ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟ.ᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟ.ᱢᱢᱩ, ᱠᱟ.ᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱰᱟᱠᱷ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟ.ᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟ.ᱥᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱢᱟᱣ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱴ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱒,᱒᱒,᱒᱓᱖ ᱪᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱠᱤᱞᱚ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱚᱛᱥᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Jammu and Kashmir is a disputed territory between India, Pakistan and China. The areas of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan administered by Pakistan and Aksai Chin region administered by China are included in the total area.

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Desk, The Hindu Net (2017-05-08). "What is the Darbar Move in J&K all about?". The Hindu (in English). Retrieved 2019-02-23. 
  2. "Satya Pal Malik sworn in as Jammu and Kashmir governor". The Economic Times. Press Trust of India. 23 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2018. 
  3. "BJP-PDP alliance ends in Jammu and Kashmir LIVE updates: Mehbooba Mufti resigns as chief minister; Governor's Rule in state". Firstpost. 19 ᱡᱩᱱ 2018. Retrieved 19 ᱡᱩᱱ 2018. 
  4. "Saser Kangri - AAC Publications - Search The American Alpine Journal and Accidents". publications.americanalpineclub.org. Retrieved 2019-02-14. 
  5. Raina, A.N. "Climate Patterns and Climatic Divisions". 
  6. "Jammu and Kashmir Budget Analysis 2018-19". PRSIndia (in English). 2018-01-19. Retrieved 2019-02-24. 
  7. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database". Global Data Lab (in English). Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. Retrieved 25 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2018. 
  8. ᱘.᱐ ᱘.᱑ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 49. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2016. Retrieved 14 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2015. 
  9. Khan, N. (2012-08-06). The Parchment of Kashmir: History, Society, and Polity (in English). Springer. p. 184. ISBN 9781137029584. 
  10. Aggarwal, J. C.; Agrawal, S. P. (1995). Modern History of Jammu and Kashmir: Ancient times to Shimla Agreement (in English). Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170225577.