ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ

ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱚ ᱛᱮ : ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ, ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ: International Phonetic Alphabet, IPA) ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱚᱞ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙ ᱟᱱ ᱯᱤᱲᱦᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱥᱮᱫ, ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾[᱑] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱟᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱴᱷᱩᱭᱟᱹ, ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ, ᱟᱲᱟᱝᱼᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ, ᱛᱚᱨᱡᱚᱢᱟᱭᱤᱡ, ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱾[᱒][᱓]

ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ
IPA in IPA.svg
"IPA" in IPA ([aɪ pʰiː eɪ])
ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ
Alphabet – partially featural
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ Used for phonetic and phonemic transcription of any language
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ
since 1888
ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ
Palaeotype alphabet, English Phonotypic Alphabet
᱒᱐᱒᱐ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱩᱫᱷᱨᱟᱹᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱭ.ᱯᱤ.ᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱪᱟᱨᱴ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱷᱚᱠᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱤᱠᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱚᱢᱯᱤᱭᱩᱴᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. International Phonetic Association (IPA), Handbook.
  2. MacMahon, Michael K. C. (1996). "Phonetic Notation". In P. T. Daniels; W. Bright. The World's Writing Systems. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 821–846. ISBN 0-19-507993-0. 
  3. Wall, Joan (1989). International Phonetic Alphabet for Singers: A Manual for English and Foreign Language Diction. Pst. ISBN 1-877761-50-8.