ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱚᱱᱚᱲᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ| ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱢᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ| ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱢᱚᱨᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱚᱱᱚᱲᱦᱮ ᱜᱟᱛᱷᱟᱣ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱟ| ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱱᱚᱲᱦᱮ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱔ ᱦᱤᱸᱥ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ| ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱵᱤᱨᱵᱟᱱᱴᱟ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱥ ᱤᱛᱷᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱴᱨᱚᱡᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱱᱚᱢ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲᱚᱜ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ| ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣᱮᱱ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ, ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱟᱯᱚᱛ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱛᱮᱭᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱜᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱚᱪᱚᱜ-ᱟ| ᱩᱱᱤ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱨᱮ, ᱜᱚᱡ-ᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱮᱨᱟᱛ ᱯᱮᱱᱮᱯᱚᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱥᱩᱴᱟᱨᱥ ᱛᱟᱹᱠᱤᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱦᱚᱭᱚᱜ ᱛᱟᱹᱠᱤᱱᱟ|

ᱜᱟᱛᱷᱟᱣᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱒,᱑᱐᱙ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱛᱦᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱚᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱮᱭᱠᱴᱤᱠ ᱦᱮᱠᱥ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ, ᱚᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱢᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱮᱠᱥ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ[᱑][᱒] |ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ, ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱜᱷᱚᱴᱱᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱦᱱᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱰᱥ ᱨᱤᱥ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱚᱰᱚᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ[᱓] |

ᱟᱹᱫᱽ ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫ ᱱᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ, ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ (ᱱᱤᱡ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲᱛᱮ) ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱤᱡᱽ ᱵᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟᱺ

  • ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱑-᱔ᱺ ᱴᱮᱞᱢᱮᱠᱪᱤ (ᱴᱮᱞᱢᱮᱠᱟᱥ + ᱢᱟᱠᱷᱮ ᱵᱮᱴᱞ) ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱮᱞᱢᱮᱠᱟᱥ ᱛᱟᱞᱱᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ[᱔]|
  • ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱙-᱒᱑ᱺ Books 9–21: ᱮᱯᱚᱞᱚᱭ-ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱥᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱸᱦᱚᱸᱥ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟᱭ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲᱟ[᱕]|
  • ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱒᱒ ᱢᱚᱱᱚᱥᱴᱨᱚᱯᱷᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ[᱖]|

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Myrsiades, Kostas (2019). "1. Telemachus' Journey (Od 1-4)". Reading Homer's Odyssey. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9781684481361. [...] is a long oral narrative poem of 12,109 lines 
  2. Haslam, M. W. (1976). "Homeric Words and Homeric Metre: Two Doublets Examined (λείβω/εϊβω, γαΐα/αία)". Glotta. 54 (3/4): 203. ISSN 0017-1298. JSTOR 40266365. 
  3. Foley, John Miles (2007). ""Reading" Homer through Oral Tradition". College Literature. 34 (2): 1–28. ISSN 0093-3139. JSTOR 25115419. 
  4. Willcock, Malcolm L. (1976). A Companion to The Iliad: Based on the Translation by Richard Lattimore (2007 ed.). New York: Phoenix Books. p. 32. ISBN 978-0226898551. 
  5. Most, Glenn W. (1989). "The Structure and Function of Odysseus' Apologoi". Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974–). 119: 15–30. doi:10.2307/284257. JSTOR 284257. 
  6. Cairns, Douglas (2014). Defining Greek Narrative. Edinburgh University Press. p. 231. ISBN 9780748680108.