ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱭᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti] (listen)), ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱸᱠᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱵᱩᱞ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱭᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱭᱩᱨ : Yürt'ta sulh, Cihan'da sulh
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱨᱮᱧİstiklâl Marşı
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲᱟᱸᱠᱟᱨᱟ
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱵᱩᱞ
Spoken languages
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ 
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ Turkish
Turk
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
 -  Vice President Fuat Oktay
 -  Assembly Speaker Mustafa Şentop
ᱞᱮᱡᱤᱥᱞᱟᱪᱚᱨ Grand National Assembly
ᱮᱵᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ
 -  War of Indepence 19 May 1919 
 -  Grand National Assembly of Turkey 23 April 1920 
 -  Treaty of Lausanne 24 July 1923 
 -  Declaration of Republic 29 October 1923 
 -  Current constitution 7 November 1982 
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱗᱘᱓.᱓᱕᱖ km2 (36th)
᱑᱐᱕  
 -  ᱫᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ (%) 1.3
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ
 -  2019 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ increase 83,184,997 (19th)
ᱡᱤ.ᱰᱤ.ᱯᱤ (ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ) 2020 ᱯᱟᱭᱛᱟᱨ
 -  ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱨᱮ increase $2.464 trillion (19th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ increase $29,326 (70th)
ᱡᱤ.ᱰᱤ.ᱯᱤ (ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ) 2020 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱚᱝ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ increase $813.810 billion (19th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ 9,683 (70th)
ᱡᱤᱱᱤ (2017) increase 43.0 (medium) (56th)
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ (2018) increase 0.806 (very high) (59th)
ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ Turkish lira (TRY)
ᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ FET (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+᱐᱓)
ᱢᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ dd.mm.yyyy (AD)
ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱮ right
ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱴᱤᱹᱮᱞᱹᱰᱤᱹ .tr
ᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ +᱙᱐
ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱨ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱷᱚᱴᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ[᱑] ᱾ ᱡᱤᱥᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱑᱙᱐᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱤᱴᱟᱭᱤᱴ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱚᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱨᱤᱡᱤᱭᱳ, ᱜᱨᱤᱠ, ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱤᱠ, ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱮᱱᱟ [᱒][᱓][᱔] ᱾ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱞᱚ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱗᱘᱓,᱓᱕᱖ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱓᱐᱒,᱔᱕᱕ ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱞ) ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱨᱠᱳᱱᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱮᱡᱤᱭᱳ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱨᱤᱥ, ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱨᱵᱟᱭᱡᱟᱱ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱤᱨᱟᱠ, ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱚᱛ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱟᱱᱟ ᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱵᱟᱥ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱮᱥᱜᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱵᱟᱥ ᱪᱷᱟᱲᱟᱣ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱞᱟᱦᱟ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱜᱲᱟᱣ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱙᱐ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱦᱚᱲᱜᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱩ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱓᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱩᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱮᱝᱨᱮᱡᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱩ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱛ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱹᱠᱩᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱙᱕ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱦᱚᱲᱜᱮ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ, ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ, ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱮᱢᱟᱱᱛᱮᱛ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤᱠᱩ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  • Index of Turkey-related articles
  • Outline of Turkey

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

General
  • turkey.com – Topical multilingual website about Turkey.

  • Turkey profile from the BBC News
  • Turkey at Encyclopædia Britannica
  • Turkey from UCB Libraries GovPubs
  • Data on Turkey from OECD
  • Better Life Index of Turkey from OECD
  • Turkey at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
  • Key Development Forecasts for Turkey from International Futures
  • Geographic data related to Turkey at OpenStreetMap
Tourism
  • Wikimedia Atlas of Turkey
  • Turkey travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Turkey Home – Turkey's Official Tourism Portal
  • Official website of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism
  • Turkey profile from UNESCO
  • Turkey profile from Lonely Planet
Government
Economy

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Stiner, Mary C.; Kuhn, Steven L.; Güleç, Erksin। "Early Upper Paleolithic shell beads at Üçağızlı Cave I (Turkey): Technology and the socioeconomic context of ornament life-histories"᱾ Journal of Human Evolution64 (5): 380–398᱾ doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.01.008᱾ PMID 23481346᱾ আইএসএসএন 0047-2484।
  2. Douglas Arthur Howard᱾ The History of Turkey᱾ Greenwood Publishing Group᱾ পৃষ্ঠা xiv–xx᱾ আইএসবিএন 978-0-313-30708-9᱾ সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২ এপ্রিল ২০১৩᱾
  3. Sharon R. Steadman; Gregory McMahon (১৫ সেপ্টেম্বর ২০১১)᱾ The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia: (10,000–323 BC)᱾ Oxford University Press᱾ পৃষ্ঠা 3–11, 37। আইএসবিএন 978-0-19-537614-2᱾ সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৩ মার্চ ২০১৩।
  4. Casson, Lionel (১৯৭৭)᱾ "The Thracians" (PDF)᱾ The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin35 (1): 2–6। doi:10.2307/3258667।