ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ

(ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱡᱠᱟᱱᱟ)

ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ (/brəˈzɪl/ (listen); Portuguese: Brasil [bɾaˈziw]), ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱴᱤᱱ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱪᱷᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱮᱞᱮᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱬᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱙ ᱠᱩᱴᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾[᱑][᱒]

ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱨ

ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱴᱞᱟᱱᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱡᱩᱭᱮᱞᱟ, ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱩᱨᱤᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱱᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱥᱤ ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱞᱚᱢᱵᱤᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱵᱚᱞᱤᱵᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱩ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨᱡᱮᱱᱴᱤᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱟᱜᱩᱭᱮ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱨᱩᱜᱩᱭᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱚᱡᱽ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱫᱚᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞᱩᱰ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱜᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱖ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱵᱟᱱᱤᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹᱠᱩ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱟᱴ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱫᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾[᱓] ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞᱩᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱣ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ (pau-brasil) ᱠᱩ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ 'ᱠᱚᱭᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟ' ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱟ (brasa) ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱭᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ il ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ‘-iculum’ ᱟᱨ ‘-ilium’ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱔][᱕][᱖] ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱢᱛᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱤᱝᱨᱮᱡᱤ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱨᱟᱱᱤᱛᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱤᱱᱫᱩᱨᱟᱢᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱦᱚᱭᱮᱛ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹᱣᱭᱮᱛ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟ᱕᱐᱐ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱡ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱢᱟᱱᱩᱭᱮᱞᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱜᱟᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱟᱹᱵᱤ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ ᱾[᱗] ᱩᱱ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱩ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱩᱝᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱦᱩᱭᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱛᱩᱯᱤ ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱡᱚᱝ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱠᱚ ᱟᱹᱠᱚ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤᱨᱮ ᱠᱩ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱡᱚᱝ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾[᱘]

᱑᱕᱓᱒ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱟᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ colony ᱠᱩ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱯ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱩ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤᱠᱩ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱩᱱᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱸᱦᱟᱸᱠᱩ ᱵᱟᱹᱠᱩ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱩᱝᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱠᱩᱨᱮᱱ ᱫᱟᱥ ᱫᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱩ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱩᱣᱟ᱾

ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

᱑᱘᱒᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱩᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱡᱳᱭᱟᱭ ᱤᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱮ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱᱛᱮᱫ ᱯᱮᱫᱽᱨᱩ ᱡᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱛᱟᱨᱮᱠᱮᱭ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱴᱚᱠᱟ ᱠᱤᱫᱤᱭᱟ ᱾[᱙] ᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱯᱚᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱦᱲᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱱ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱚᱱᱟᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱯᱫᱷ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱯᱮᱫᱽᱨᱩ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱩ ᱜᱮᱭ ᱥᱚᱢᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱫᱚ ᱑᱘᱒᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱗ ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱟᱞ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ᱾[᱑᱐] ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱒ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱰᱟᱢ ᱯᱮᱫᱽᱨᱩ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱥᱚᱢᱨᱟᱴᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱴᱞᱟᱱᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱡᱩᱭᱮᱞᱟ, ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱩᱨᱤᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱱᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱥᱤ ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱞᱚᱢᱵᱤᱭᱟᱵ᱾ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱵᱚᱞᱤᱵᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱩ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱨᱡᱮᱱᱴᱤᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱟᱜᱩᱭᱮ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱨᱩᱜᱩᱭᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱘,᱕᱑᱕,᱗᱖᱗.᱐᱔᱙ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱓,᱒᱘᱗,᱙᱕᱖ sq mi), ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹᱱᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱕᱕,᱔᱕᱕ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱒᱑,᱔᱑᱑ sq mi)᱾[᱑᱑] ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱱ ᱯᱨᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ, ᱵᱤᱨ, ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱵᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱢᱟᱡᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

᱓ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱟ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱞᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱪᱷᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱪᱤᱛᱟᱹᱨᱠᱚᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

Government

General information

ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Geography of Brazil"The World Factbook। Central Intelligence Agency। ২০০৮। সংগৃহীত ২০০৮-০৬-০৩।
  2. "People of Brazil"The World Factbook। Central Intelligence Agency। ২০০৮। সংগৃহীত ২০০৮-০৬-০৩।
  3. Eduardo Bueno, Brasil: uma História (São Paulo: Ática, 2003; আইএসবিএন ৮৫-০৮-০৮২১৩-৪), p.36.
  4. CNRTL – Centre National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales (ফরাসি)
  5. Michaelis – Moderno Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa (পর্তুগিজ)
  6. iDicionário Aulete (পর্তুগিজ)
  7. Boxer, p. 98.
  8. Boxer, p. 100.
  9. Lustosa, pp. 109–110
  10. Lustosa, pp. 150–153
  11. "Geography of Brazil". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008.