ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ

ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱕᱔ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱚᱥᱨᱤ , ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱚ ᱵᱤᱵᱷᱩᱥᱚᱬᱚ ,ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱚᱵᱷᱩᱥᱚᱬᱚ denomination ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱢᱢᱟᱱ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ , ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱛᱷᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱜᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱧᱟᱢᱸᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱮᱱᱮᱢ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱠᱫᱟᱨᱚᱜ-ᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱣ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱮᱱᱮᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱟᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱨᱦᱟᱣ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱰᱟᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚᱯᱚᱛᱤ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱪᱟᱞ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱕᱓ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱢᱚᱴᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱥᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱕᱑ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱧ ᱯᱷᱤᱛᱟᱹ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱟᱭᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱤᱡ, ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱤᱛᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱸᱰ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ , ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱟᱭ ᱟᱹᱨᱩ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱜᱩᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱩᱱ ᱢᱟᱱ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱴᱷᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱩᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱢᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱭ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ 'ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱚᱵᱽᱫᱩᱞ ᱜᱚᱯᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱸ (᱑᱙᱘᱗ ), ᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱴᱮᱨᱮᱥᱟ (᱑᱙᱘᱐), ᱱᱮᱞᱥᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱱᱰᱮᱞᱟ (᱑᱙᱙᱐) ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱒ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱩᱵᱷᱟᱥ ᱪᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚ ᱵᱳᱥ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱜᱩᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱮᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱠᱤᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱷᱩᱠᱩᱢ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ
ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ
ᱵᱤᱵᱚᱨᱚᱱᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱮᱢᱚᱜᱤᱡ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱜᱮ
ᱯᱷᱤᱛᱟᱹ
ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱫAn image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepal (Ficus religiosa) leaf
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱫA platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script
ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ᱑᱙᱙᱔
ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹᱭᱤᱡ᱑᱙᱙᱔
ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹᱭᱤᱡ᱒᱐᱒᱔
ᱜᱩᱴ᱕᱓
ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱱᱟᱜ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢᱟᱜ (ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ) ᱯᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱵᱤᱨ ᱪᱚᱠᱨᱚ
ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ

ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

᱒ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱕᱔ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ, ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱨᱮᱥ ᱠᱚᱢᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱥᱤᱵᱤᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱟᱣᱟᱨᱰ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ - ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ (ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱣᱮᱞ), ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱵᱤᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱟᱣᱟᱨᱰ, ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱚ ᱵᱤᱵᱷᱩᱥᱚᱬ, "ᱯᱮᱦᱞᱟ ᱣᱟᱨᱜᱽ" (ᱠᱞᱟᱥ ᱑), "ᱫᱩᱥᱨᱟ ᱣᱟᱨᱜᱽ" (ᱠᱞᱟᱥ ᱒), ᱟᱨ "ᱛᱤᱥᱨᱟ ᱣᱟᱨᱜᱽ" (ᱠᱞᱟᱥ ᱓), ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱕ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱕᱕ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱚ ᱵᱤᱵᱷᱩᱥᱚᱬ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱚ ᱵᱷᱩᱥᱚᱬ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱚ ᱥᱨᱤ ᱾[᱑]

ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱟᱢᱮᱴᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱤᱥᱴᱤ

ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
Bharat Ratna pane wale logan ke suchi[᱒]
ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱪᱤᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ/ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ/ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱯᱟᱨᱴᱤ
᱑᱙᱙᱔   C. Rajagopalachari Tamil Nadu ᱡᱚᱵᱟᱦᱚᱨᱞᱟᱞ ᱱᱮᱦᱨᱩ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ
  Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ
  C. V. Raman ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ
1955   Bhagwan Das ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
  M. Visvesvaraya ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠ
  Jawaharlal Nehru ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
1957   Govind Ballabh Pant ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
1958   Dhondo Keshav Karve ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
1961   Bidhan Chandra Roy ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
  Purushottam Das Tandon ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
1962   Rajendra Prasad ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ
1963   Zakir Husain ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
  Pandurang Vaman Kane ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
1966   Lal Bahadur Shastri # Uttar Pradesh ᱤᱸᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱹᱱᱫᱷᱤ,
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ
1971   ᱤᱸᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱹᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
1975   V. V. Giri ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ
1976   K. Kamaraj # ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ
1980   Mother Teresa + ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
(Born in Skopje,
now North Macedonia)
1983   Vinoba Bhave # ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
᱑᱙᱘᱗   Abdul Ghaffar Khan * Pakistan ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ,
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ
1988   M. G. Ramachandran # ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ
1990   B. R. Ambedkar # ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ Vishwanath Pratap Singh, ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱡᱚᱱᱛᱟ ᱯᱟᱨᱴᱤ, Janata Dal (NF)
  Nelson Mandela* ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ
1991   Rajiv Gandhi ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ P. V. Narasimha Rao, Indian National Congress
  Vallabhbhai Patel ᱜᱩᱡᱽᱨᱟᱴ
  Morarji Desai[lower-alpha ᱑] ᱜᱩᱡᱽᱨᱟᱴ
1992   Abul Kalam Azad ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
  J. R. D. Tata ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
  Satyajit Ray ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
1997   Gulzarilal Nanda ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ Inder Kumar Gujral, Janata Dal (UF)
  Aruna Asaf Ali ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
  A. P. J. Abdul Kalam ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ
1998   M. S. Subbulakshmi ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ
  C. Subramaniam ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ
1999   Jayaprakash Narayan ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA)
  Amartya Sen ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
  Gopinath Bordoloi ᱟᱥᱟᱢ
  Ravi Shankar ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
2001   Lata Mangeshkar ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
  Bismillah Khan ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
2009 Bhimsen Joshi ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠ Manmohan Singh, Indian National Congress (UPA)
2014   C. N. R. Rao ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠ
  Sachin Tendulkar ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
2015   Madan Mohan Malaviya Uttar Pradesh Narendra Modi, Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA)
  Atal Bihari Vajpayee ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
2019   Pranab Mukherjee ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
  Bhupen Hazarika(Bharatiya Janata Party) ᱟᱥᱟᱢ
  Nanaji Deshmukh ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
2024   Karpoori Thakur ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ
  Lal Krishna Advani Delhi (Born in.Karachi, Pakistan)

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ

ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ
  1. Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014. The President is pleased to make the following revised regulations for the award of the decoration Bharat Ratna in supersession of those published in Notification No. 1-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954
  2. "List of recipients of Bharat Ratna (1954–2019)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 ᱡᱩᱱ 2022. Retrieved 13 ᱡᱩᱱ 2022.
  3. Mukul, Akshaya (20 January 2008). "The great Bharat Ratna race". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ

ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ


ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:<ref> tags exist for a group named "lower-alpha", but no corresponding <references group="lower-alpha"/> tag was found