ᱠᱚᱪᱤ

ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢᱼᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱞᱚᱠᱟᱰᱤᱵᱽ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱽ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱞᱟᱹᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱞ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱨᱱᱟᱠᱩᱞᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱮᱨᱱᱟᱠᱩᱞᱚᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱮ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱱᱤᱜᱟᱢ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱙᱔.᱘᱘ ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱖᱗᱗,᱓᱘᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ[᱔] ᱟᱨ ᱔᱔᱐ ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱑ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱥᱚᱦᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱚᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱨᱮᱴᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱪᱤᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ[᱙][᱑᱐] ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱴᱤᱭᱟᱨ ᱼ ᱒ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱤᱞᱟᱥᱤᱯᱷᱤᱞᱰ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱫᱟᱵᱚᱱᱤᱡ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱠᱩᱢᱩᱴ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱱᱤᱜᱟᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱖᱗ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱵᱟᱨᱟ ᱭᱤᱡ ᱵᱮᱭᱫᱷᱟᱱᱤᱠ ᱠᱩᱢᱩᱴ ᱜᱨᱮᱴᱟᱨ ᱰᱮᱵᱽᱞᱚᱢᱮᱸᱴ ᱚᱴᱚᱨᱤᱴᱤ[᱑᱑] (GCDA) ᱟᱨ ᱜᱚᱥᱨᱤ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱰᱮᱵᱽᱞᱚᱢᱮᱸᱴ ᱚᱴᱚᱨᱤᱴᱤ (GIDA) ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱑᱒]

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ
ᱠᱚᱪᱤᱱ
ᱢᱮᱴᱨᱚᱯᱚᱞᱤᱥ
Clockwise from top: Marine Drive Skyline, Chinese Fishing Nets at Fort Kochi, Cochin Shipyard, Queen's Way, Hill Palace, InfoPark
ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ: Queen of the Arabian Sea[᱑][᱒]
ᱠᱚᱪᱤ is located in India
ᱠᱚᱪᱤ
ᱠᱚᱪᱤ
Coordinates: 9°58′N 76°17′E / 9.97°N 76.28°E / 9.97; 76.28Coordinates: 9°58′N 76°17′E / 9.97°N 76.28°E / 9.97; 76.28
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱮᱨᱟᱞᱟ
ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱮᱨᱱᱟᱠᱩᱞᱚᱢ
Formed ᱑ ᱟᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱑᱙᱕᱘[᱓]
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱱᱤᱜᱟᱢ
 • ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱱᱤᱜᱟᱢ
 • ᱢᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱱᱤᱞᱠᱩᱢᱟᱨ (CPI(M))
 • ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱯᱩᱞᱤᱥ ᱠᱚᱢᱤᱥᱱᱚᱨ ᱵᱤᱡᱚᱭ ᱥᱟᱠᱷᱟᱨᱮ IPS
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ [᱔]
 • ᱢᱮᱴᱨᱚᱯᱚᱞᱤᱥ 94.88 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (36.63 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
 • ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ[᱕] 440 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (170 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱩᱥᱩᱞ 0 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (0 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (᱒᱐᱑᱑)[᱔]
 • ᱢᱮᱴᱨᱚᱯᱚᱞᱤᱥ ᱖᱗᱗,᱓᱗᱑
 • ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ 7100/ᱠᱤᱢᱤ2 (18000/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱹᱭᱤᱞ)
 • ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ[᱖] ᱒,᱑᱑᱙,᱗᱒᱔
Demonym(s) ᱠᱚᱪᱤᱱᱤᱛᱮ[᱗][᱘]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
 • ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱚᱞᱟᱭᱟᱞᱚᱢ, ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ
IST (UTC+5:30)
ᱯᱤᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱖᱘᱒ XXX, ᱖᱘᱓ XXX
Area code(s) +᱙᱑-᱔᱘᱔
ᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱨᱤᱡᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤ KL-7, KL-39, KL-41, KL-42, KL-43, KL-63
ᱠᱚᱨᱴ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱞ ᱦᱟᱭ ᱠᱚᱨᱴ
Coastline 48 kilometres (30 mi)
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱹᱱᱤ ᱑᱐᱒᱘ /♀ /᱑᱐᱐᱐
ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱙᱘.᱕%
Development Agency GCDA, GIDA
Climate Am (Köppen)
Precipitation 3,228.3 millimetres (127.10 in)
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ cochinmunicipalcorporation.kerala.gov.in

ᱪᱷᱟᱹᱴᱭᱟᱹᱨᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱫᱟᱜᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
ᱠᱩᱸᱰᱱᱱᱩᱨ ᱯᱚᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱛᱷᱮᱣᱨᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢᱼᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ 9°58′N 76°13′E / 9.967°N 76.217°E / 9.967; 76.217 ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱙᱔.᱘᱘ ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱑᱓]

ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱦᱮᱡ ᱥᱮᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱡᱮᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱱᱮᱫᱩᱢᱵᱽᱥᱮᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱘ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱑᱗ ᱢᱤᱞ) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱰᱚᱢᱮᱥᱴᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱮᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱜ ᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱟᱜᱩ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾[᱑᱔] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱡᱮᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱟᱸᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱱᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ[᱑᱕] ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱞᱟᱨ ᱮᱱᱮᱨᱡᱤ ᱯᱟᱣᱟᱨ ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ, ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱝᱜᱟᱯᱩᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱡᱮᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱰᱮᱥᱴᱤᱱᱚᱥᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱠᱷᱭᱟᱫᱤᱯ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱧᱮᱞᱡᱚᱝ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱡᱷᱮ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱮᱠᱥᱯᱨᱮᱥ ᱥᱮᱵᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱮᱰᱠᱩᱣᱟᱴᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱚᱲᱚᱠᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱩᱲᱥᱤ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮᱼᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱱᱚᱰ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱖᱖, ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱕᱔᱔, ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱙᱖᱖ᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱙᱖᱖B ᱤᱫᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱵᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱑᱖][᱑᱗][᱑᱘]

ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ
ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱭᱠᱚᱲᱟ
ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ
44%
ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ
38%
ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ
17%
ᱮᱴᱟᱜ
1%

᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ, ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱑,᱑᱗,᱙᱙᱐ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱼᱠᱷᱚᱱᱼᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱹᱱᱤ ᱑,᱐᱒᱘: ᱑,᱐᱐᱐ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱹᱱᱤ ᱙᱓᱓: ᱑,᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚᱨ ᱙᱗.᱕% ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

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ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

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  2. Ganesh Kumar (ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2010). Modern General Knowledge. Upkar Prakashan. p. 194. ISBN 978-81-7482-180-5. Archived from the original on 6 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  3. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ernakulam.nic.in
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ ᱔.᱒ "Profile of Kochi". Kochi Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 15 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2018. 
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  8. Menon, K.P.S. (23 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 1977). "My Kerala". Sunday. Vol. 4 no. 44. Ananda Bazar. p. 31. 
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  11. "GCDA - Greater Cochin Development Authority". Archived from the original on 28 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2015. Retrieved 5 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2015.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
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  13. "Cochin City Profile". Kochi Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 3 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2018. Retrieved 15 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2018.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
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  16. "NS&EW Corridor Map". National Highway Authority of India. Archived from the original on 27 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2011. Retrieved 24 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2011.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  17. "NS&EW Corridor Chainage Chart". National Highway Authority of India. Archived from the original on 20 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2010. Retrieved 24 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2011.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  18. "A mammoth task achieved". The Hindu. 11 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2011. Archived from the original on 9 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2012. Retrieved 22 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2011.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱠᱚᱪᱤ (ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ) ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Neighbourhoods of Kochi ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Million-plus cities in India ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱮᱨᱱᱟᱠᱩᱞᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱠᱮᱨᱟᱞᱟ