ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ (ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ)

ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱯᱮᱪ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱑᱙᱖᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ᱾[᱑᱓][᱑᱔] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱢᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ ᱮᱫ ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ-ᱵᱟᱞᱛᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱦᱚ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱤᱞ, ᱒᱐᱑᱙ (ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱺ Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019) ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱚᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱫ ( houses) ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱭᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱓᱑ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱩ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ
Pahalgam Valley.jpg
Akhnoor Fort - Jammu - Jammu and Kashmir - DSC 0001.jpg
Jammu and Kashmir
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ
ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱒᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱒᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
Administering Country ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ 31 October 2019
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ (ᱢᱮ–ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ)
ᱡᱚᱢᱢᱩ (ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ–ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ)[᱑]
Districts ᱒᱐
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ
 • ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ Government of Jammu and Kashmir
 • Lieutenant Governor ᱜᱤᱨᱤᱥ ᱪᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚ ᱢᱩᱨᱢᱩ
 • Chief Minister Vacant
 • Legislature Unicameral (114 seats)[᱒]
 • Parliamentary constituency Rajya Sabha (4)
Lok Sabha (5)
 • High Court Jammu and Kashmir High Court
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ [lower-alpha ᱑]
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ 42241 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (16309 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ[᱓] (Nun Peak) 7135 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (23409 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱦᱩᱱᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ (Chenab River) 247 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (810 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (᱒᱐᱑᱑)
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱑᱒,᱒᱕᱘,᱔᱓᱓
 • ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ 290/ᱠᱤᱢᱤ2 (750/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱹᱭᱤᱞ)
GDP (2019–20)
 • Total
 • Per capita Indian Rupee ₹᱙᱑,᱘᱘᱒ (US$᱑,᱒᱗᱘.᱕)
IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-JK
ᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱨᱤᱡᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤ JK
HDI (2018) increase 0.688 (medium)[᱔] · 17th
Literacy (᱒0᱑᱑) 68.72%
Languages ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨᱤ, ᱰᱳᱜᱨᱤ, ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ, ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱨᱤ, ᱜᱳᱡᱟᱨᱤ,[᱕] ᱵᱷᱟᱫᱟᱨᱣᱟᱦᱤ,[᱖] ᱵᱟᱛᱮᱨᱤ,[᱗] Shina,[᱘] and ᱵᱩᱨᱩᱥᱟᱥᱠᱤ[᱙]
Hindi,[᱑᱐] Urdu[᱑᱑][᱑᱒], ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ (administrative)
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ https://www.jk.gov.in

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱝᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱨᱴᱤᱠᱮᱞ ᱓᱗᱐ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱝᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ, ᱪᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱴᱚᱱᱚᱢᱤ (autonomy) ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱑᱕] ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱚᱱ (property) ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ᱾[᱑᱖]

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱺ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ-ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱜᱮᱸ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ, ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱟᱹ-ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱜᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱩᱫᱫᱷᱚ-ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱜᱮᱸ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱴᱷᱚᱴᱟ᱾[᱑᱗] ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱥᱟᱹᱱᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱡᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱮᱦᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱘᱗ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱟᱛ-ᱟᱹᱯᱷᱤᱛ (disputed) ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱴᱚᱱᱚᱢᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱠ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱚᱥᱟᱹᱱᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱡᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱮᱦᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱑᱗][᱑᱘]

ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱛᱟ ᱯᱟᱨᱴᱤ (ᱵᱤᱡᱮᱯᱤ) ᱒᱐᱑᱔ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ (Indian general election) ᱨᱮ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱚᱬᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨᱴᱤᱠᱮᱞ ᱓᱗᱐ ᱵᱟᱹᱛᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱟᱹᱢᱩᱝ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ᱾[᱑᱗]

ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱚᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨᱴᱤᱠᱮᱞ ᱓᱗᱐ ᱵᱟᱹᱛᱤᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱤᱞ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱤᱞ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾[᱑᱙] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞ ᱓᱑ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱩ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾[᱒᱐]

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱴᱳᱯᱳᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ᱾ ᱪᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱺ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ, ᱛᱟᱣᱟᱭ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ, ᱪᱮᱱᱟᱵ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ, ᱯᱩᱧᱪᱷ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ᱾ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱑᱐᱐ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱕,᱕᱒᱐.᱓ km²(᱕,᱙᱙᱒.᱙ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ) ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱟᱴᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱲ (average) ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱑,᱘᱕᱐ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ (᱖,᱐᱗᱐ ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)᱾ ᱡᱷᱮᱞᱟᱢ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱛᱳ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱩᱨᱩᱫ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱦᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱣᱟᱭ, ᱨᱟᱵᱷᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱮᱱᱟᱵ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ᱾

ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱭᱟ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱟᱵᱟᱨ ᱒᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱦᱮᱰᱠᱩᱣᱟᱴᱚᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ (km²) ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱐᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ
ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ[᱒᱑][᱒᱒]
ᱰᱳᱰᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱰᱳᱰᱟ ᱒,᱓᱐᱖ ᱓᱒᱐,᱒᱕᱖ ᱔᱐᱙,᱕᱗᱖
ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱡᱚᱢᱢᱩ ᱓,᱐᱙᱗ ᱑,᱓᱔᱓,᱗᱕᱖ ᱑,᱕᱒᱖,᱔᱐᱖
ᱠᱟᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟ ᱒,᱖᱕᱑ ᱕᱕᱐,᱐᱘᱔ ᱖᱑᱕,᱗᱑᱑
ᱠᱤᱥᱛᱩᱣᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱤᱥᱛᱩᱣᱟᱨ ᱗,᱗᱓᱗[᱒᱓] ᱑᱙᱐,᱘᱔᱓ ᱒᱓᱑,᱐᱓᱗
ᱯᱩᱧᱪᱷ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱯᱩᱧᱪᱷ ᱑,᱖᱗᱔ ᱓᱗᱒,᱖᱑᱓ ᱔᱗᱖,᱘᱒᱐
ᱨᱟᱡᱟᱣᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱟᱡᱟᱣᱨᱤ ᱒,᱖᱓᱐ ᱔᱘᱓,᱒᱘᱔ ᱖᱑᱙,᱒᱖᱖
ᱨᱟᱢᱵᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱟᱢᱵᱚᱱ ᱑,᱓᱒᱙ ᱑᱘᱐,᱘᱓᱐ ᱒᱘᱓,᱓᱑᱓
ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱤ ᱑,᱗᱑᱙ ᱒᱖᱘,᱔᱔᱑ ᱓᱑᱔,᱗᱑᱔
ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱟ ᱙᱐᱔ ᱒᱔᱕,᱐᱑᱖ ᱓᱑᱘,᱖᱑᱑
ᱩᱫᱷᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱩᱫᱷᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ ᱔,᱕᱕᱐ ᱔᱗᱕,᱐᱖᱘ ᱕᱕᱕,᱓᱕᱗
ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱐ ᱒᱖,᱒᱙᱓ ᱔,᱔᱓᱐,᱑᱙᱑ ᱕,᱓᱕᱐,᱘᱑᱑

ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱦᱮᱰᱠᱩᱣᱟᱴᱚᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ (km²) ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱐᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ
ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ
ᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱓,᱙᱘᱔ ᱗᱓᱔,᱕᱔᱙ ᱑,᱐᱖᱙,᱗᱔᱙
ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱤᱯᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱤᱯᱩᱨ ᱓᱙᱘ ᱓᱑᱖,᱔᱓᱖ ᱓᱘᱕,᱐᱙᱙
ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱢᱩᱞᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱢᱩᱞᱟ ᱔,᱕᱘᱘ ᱘᱕᱓,᱓᱔᱔ ᱑,᱐᱑᱕,᱕᱐᱓
ᱵᱚᱨᱜᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱚᱨᱜᱟᱢ ᱑,᱓᱗᱑ ᱖᱒᱙,᱓᱐᱙ ᱗᱕᱕,᱓᱓᱑
ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱮᱨᱵᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱮᱨᱵᱚᱞ ᱒᱕᱙ ᱒᱑᱑,᱘᱙᱙ ᱒᱙᱗,᱐᱐᱓
ᱠᱩᱞᱜᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱩᱞᱜᱟᱢ ᱑,᱐᱖᱗ ᱔᱓᱗,᱘᱘᱕ ᱔᱒᱓,᱑᱘᱑
ᱠᱩᱯᱣᱟᱲᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱩᱯᱣᱟᱲᱟ ᱒,᱓᱗᱙ ᱖᱕᱐,᱓᱙᱓ ᱘᱗᱕,᱕᱖᱔
ᱯᱩᱞᱣᱟᱢᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱯᱩᱞᱣᱟᱢᱟ ᱑,᱓᱙᱘ ᱔᱔᱑,᱒᱗᱕ ᱕᱗᱐,᱐᱖᱐
ᱥᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱖᱑᱒.᱘᱗ ᱒᱑᱑,᱓᱓᱒ ᱒᱖᱕,᱙᱖᱐
ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱒᱙᱔ ᱑,᱐᱒᱗,᱖᱗᱐ ᱑,᱒᱓᱖,᱘᱒᱙
ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱐ ᱑᱖,᱓᱕᱑ ᱕,᱕᱑᱔,᱐᱙᱒ ᱖,᱘᱙᱔,᱒᱗᱙

ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟᱨᱦᱚ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Desk, The Hindu Net (8 ᱢᱮ 2017). "What is the Darbar Move in J&K all about?". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017. Retrieved 23 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. "Jammu and Kashmir transitions from a state into 2 federal units". 31 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2019. 
  3. "Saser Kangri – AAC Publications – Search The American Alpine Journal and Accidents". Publications.americanalpineclub.org. Archived from the original on 14 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2019. Retrieved 14 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database". Global Data Lab (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. Archived from the original on 23 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2018. Retrieved 25 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2018.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. Khan, N. (6 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2012). The Parchment of Kashmir: History, Society, and Polity (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Springer. p. 184. ISBN 9781137029584. Archived from the original on 23 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2019. Retrieved 23 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "Bhadrawahi". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 6 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2019. 
  7. Bateri. 
  8. Crane, Robert I. (1956). Area Handbook on Jammu and Kashmir State (in English). University of Chicago for the Human Relations Area Files. p. 179. Shina is the most eastern of these languages and in some of its dialects such as the Brokpa of Dah and Hanu and the dialect of Dras, it impinges upon the area of the Sino-Tibetan language family and has been affected by Tibetan with an overlay of words and idioms. 
  9. Pakistan's "Burushaski" Language Finds New Relatives. NPR. Retrieved 6 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2019. 
  10. Chandigarh, UNI (31 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2019). "Hindi to be official language as J&K and Ladakh will get UT status on Oct 31 : Tarun Chugh". United News of India.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  11. "Department of Tourism, Jammu and Kashmir - Language". jktourism.org. 
  12. https://sg.inflibnet.ac.in/jspui/bitstream/10603/90065/8/08_chapter2.pdf
  13. (a) Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannia, "Kashmir, region Indian subcontinent", Encyclopædia Britannica, retrieved 15 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2019  (subscription required) Quote: "Kashmir, region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent ... has been the subject of dispute between India and Pakistan since the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947. The northern and western portions are administered by Pakistan and comprise three areas: Azad Kashmir, Gilgit, and Baltistan, the last two being part of a territory called the Northern Areas. Administered by India are the southern and southeastern portions, which constitute the state of Jammu and Kashmir but are slated to be split into two union territories. China became active in the eastern area of Kashmir in the 1950s and has controlled the northeastern part of Ladakh (the easternmost portion of the region) since 1962.";
    (b) "Kashmir", Encyclopedia Americana, Scholastic Library Publishing, 2006, p. 328, ISBN 978-0-7172-0139-6  C. E Bosworth, University of Manchester Quote: "KASHMIR, kash'mer, the northernmost region of the Indian subcontinent, administered partlv by India, partly by Pakistan, and partly by China. The region has been the subject of a bitter dispute between India and Pakistan since they became independent in 1947";
  14. Jan·Osma鈔czyk, Edmund; Osmańczyk, Edmund Jan (2003), Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements: G to M, Taylor & Francis, pp. 1191–, ISBN 978-0-415-93922-5  Quote: "Jammu and Kashmir: Territory in northwestern India, subject to a dispute between India and Pakistan. It has borders with Pakistan and China."
  15. K. Venkataramanan (5 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2019), "How the status of Jammu and Kashmir is being changed", The Hindu 
  16. "Article 370 and 35(A) revoked: How it would change the face of Kashmir". The Economic Times. 5 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2019. 
  17. ᱑᱗.᱐ ᱑᱗.᱑ ᱑᱗.᱒ Article 370: What happened with Kashmir and why it matters. BBC (2019-08-06). Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  18. "Kashmir: A History Littered With Rigged Elections". Media Monitors Network.  Unknown parameter |তারিখ= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |আর্কাইভের-url= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |প্রথমাংশ১= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |ইউআরএল-অবস্থা= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |আর্কাইভের-তারিখ= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |শেষাংশ১= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |সংগ্রহের-তারিখ= ignored (help)
  19. "Parliament Live | Lok Sabha passes Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, Ayes: 370, Noes 70".  Unknown parameter |তারিখ= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |ওয়েবসাইট= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |সংগ্রহের-তারিখ= ignored (help)
  20. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Cite
  21. 2011 census J&K
  22. "Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 2 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2016. Retrieved 10 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  23. http://kishtwar.nic.in/districtstats.html


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