ᱭᱤᱫᱫᱤᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ


ᱭᱤᱫᱫᱤᱥ (ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ: Yiddish, ייִדיש, יידיש ᱥᱮ אידיש) ᱟᱥᱠᱮᱱᱟᱡᱤ ᱤᱦᱩᱫᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱨᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱙ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (9th century) ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱥᱠᱮᱱᱟᱡᱤ ᱤᱦᱩᱫᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱤᱵᱽᱨᱩ, ᱟᱨᱟᱢᱟᱭᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱞᱟᱵᱷᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱞ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱨᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱐ ᱫᱚᱥᱚᱠ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱽ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱑.᱕ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱒ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱭᱤᱫᱫᱤᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾

ᱭᱤᱫᱫᱤᱥ
ייִדיש‎, יידיש‎ or אידיש‎, yidish/idish
ᱨᱟᱹᱲ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:IPA-yi
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ, ᱤᱡᱽᱨᱟᱭᱮᱞ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ, ᱤᱦᱩᱫᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ[᱑]
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱟᱥᱠᱮᱱᱟᱡᱤ ᱤᱦᱩᱫᱤ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
(᱑.᱕ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ cited 1986–1991 + half undated)[᱑]
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱦᱤᱵᱨᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (ᱭᱤᱫᱫᱤᱥ ᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ)
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱽᱲᱟᱣᱤᱭᱟᱹ No formal bodies
YIVO de facto
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-1 yi
ISO 639-2 yid
ISO 639-3 yid – inclusive code
Individual codes:
ydd – Eastern Yiddish
yih – Western Yiddish
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ yidd1255[᱓]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ 52-ACB-g = 52-ACB-ga (West) + 52-ACB-gb (East); totalling 11 varieties

ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱭᱤᱫᱫᱤᱥ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Eastern Yiddish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Western Yiddish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ ᱒.᱒ ᱒.᱓ ᱒.᱔ ᱒.᱕ European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yiddish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.