ᱤᱱᱰᱳ-ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ

ᱤᱱᱰᱳ-ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱭᱩᱨᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱭᱛᱮ ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱩᱯᱚᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱨᱟᱱᱤᱭᱚ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱯᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱩᱯᱚᱱᱤᱵᱮᱥ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱟᱵᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱤᱨᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ, ᱡᱟᱨᱢᱟᱱᱤᱠ, ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱞᱛᱳᱼᱥᱞᱟᱵᱷᱤᱠ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ, ᱥᱯᱮᱱᱤᱥ, ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩᱥᱛᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ (ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ/ᱩᱨᱫᱩ), ᱯᱚᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ, ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱩᱥ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱑᱐᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱨᱢᱟᱱ, ᱯᱷᱨᱮᱸᱪ, ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱴᱷᱤ, ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱟᱨᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱕᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱨᱚᱲᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱔᱖% ᱦᱚᱲ ᱤᱱᱰᱳ-ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾

ᱤᱱᱰᱳ-ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚᱱ
ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ
ᱪᱷᱮᱨ
Pre-colonial era: Eurasia
Today: Worldwide
ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱜᱩᱴᱤ 3.2 billion native speakers
ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧOne of the world's primary language families
ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳᱼᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤProto-Indo-European
ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ
ᱟᱭᱮᱥᱳ ᱖᱓᱙ᱼ᱒ / ine
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽindo1319[᱑]
Indo-European branches map.svg
ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ‌ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱨᱮ ‌‌ᱤᱱᱰᱳ-ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ‌ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ
  ᱱᱚᱱ ᱤᱱᱰᱳ-ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
Dotted/striped areas indicate where multilingualism is common
ᱱᱳᱴ ᱠᱚ
  • Italicized branches mean only one extant language of the branch remains
  • indicates this branch of the language family is extinct

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

 
ᱤᱱᱰᱳ-ᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ

ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:EB1911 Poster

Databasesᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  • Dyen, Isidore; Kruskal, Joseph; Black, Paul (1997). "Comparative Indo-European". wordgumbo. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
  • "Indo-European". LLOW Languages of the World. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  • "Indo-European Documentation Center". Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas at Austin. 2009. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  • Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). "Language Family Trees: Indo-European". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Online version (Sixteenth ed.). Dallas, Tex.: SIL International..
  • "Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien: TITUS" (in German). TITUS, University of Frankfurt. 2003. Retrieved 13 December 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  • "Indo-European Lexical Cognacy Database (IELex)". Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen.

Lexicaᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Indo-European". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. {{cite book}}: Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)